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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[KBu]

Darbyshire, I. 2015. The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola. Kew Bulletin 70: 44. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-015-9595-4

Conservation
Hypoestes cancellata is a widespread species of the African fire-prone savanna belt, it is fairly common in the Sudanian wooded grasslands of West Africa, and was assessed as of Least Concern (LC) by Darbyshire (2010). It appears to be rather local in Angola but the paucity of collections may be more a reflection of limited botanical exploration in the north of the country.
Distribution
Hypoestes cancellata is a species of the savanna belt surrounding the Guineo-Congolian forests of west and central Africa, and so a linking species of the Sudanian and Zambesian regional centres of plant endemism (White 1983) which were previously united as the “Sudano-Zambesian Region” (see Wickens1976). It is recorded from Senegal to Côte d’Ivoire, Benin to South Sudan, south through northern D.R. Congo, Uganda and Kenya to northwest Tanzania and Burundi and then west to southwest D.R. Congo and Angola. In Angola it is restricted to the northwest and northeast parts of the country (Map 1).
Ecology
This species occurs in grassland, wooded grassland and deciduous woodland in areas with a seasonal rainfall regime and prone to regular dry-season burning; it can also occur in somewhat disturbed areas such as roadsides.
Note
Most of the Angolan collections made by Exell & Mendonça and Gossweiler are duplicated at BM, so it is unusual that the three specimens cited by Benoist (1950) listed above have not been located there. However, it is considered unlikely that Benoist would have misidentified these collections since this is a very distinctive species. These collections are therefore included on the distribution map for this species in Map 1.

Two specimens were cited by Moore (1880a) in the protologue of Hypoestescallicoma. Of these, Monteiro & Monteiro s.n. from Angola is here chosen as the lectotype because it is an informative specimen, with slightly better preserved flowers than on the other original syntype, Schweinfurth 2525 from South Sudan, although both are good material.

Type
Type: Sierra Leone, Thunberg in herb. Willdenow 311 (B-W holotype [n.v.]; GZU! isotype). Fig. 1A & 1B.

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Herb 1-3 ft. high, with slightly pubescent sulcate stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2/3 in. long, bright red, red- or blue-purple.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Hypoestes cancellata Nees appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 19, 1897 Monteiro [s.n.], Angola K000379087
May 19, 1897 Schweinfurth, G. [2525], Sudan K000379106 syntype

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 505 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola Kew Bulletin 70(44): 1-10. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • (Roemer & Schultes 1817: 141);
  • Balkwill, K. & Getliffe-Norris, F. (1984). Taxonomic studies in the Acanthaceae; the genus Hypoestes in southern Africa. S. African J. Bot. 51: 133 – 144.
  • Benoist (1942: 242, 1950: 32);
  • Benoist (1942: 243);
  • Benoist, R. (1942). Les HypoestesAfricains. Notul. Syst. (Paris) 10: 241 – 248.
  • Benoist, R. (1950). QuelquesAcanthacées des colonies PortugaisesAfricanes. Bol. Soc. Brot. Sér. 2, 24: 5 – 39.
  • Brown, R. (1814). List of new and rare plants collected in Abyssinia during the years 1805 and 1810. Appendix 4. In: H. Salt, A voyage to Abyssinia: and travels into the interior of that country, executed under the orders of the British government, in the years 1809 and 1810. F. C. & J. Rivington, London.
  • Clarke (1900: 216);
  • Clarke (1900: 247);
  • Clarke, C. B. (1900). Hypoestes. In: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed.), Flora of Tropical Africa Vol. 5: 244 – 252. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Clarke, C. B. (1901). Hypoestes. In: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed.), Flora Capensis. Vol. 5 (Part 1): 86 – 89. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Darbyshire (2010: 720; 2015: 296).
  • Darbyshire (2010: 722).
  • Darbyshire, I. (2010). Hypoestes. In: H. Beentje (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Acanthaceae (Part 2): 719 – 729. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). Hypoestes. In: J. R. Timberlake & E. S. Martins (eds), Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, pt 6: 295 – 304. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dyer, R. A. (1975). The genera of Southern African flowering plants, Vol. 1. Department of Agricultural Technical Services, Pretoria.
  • EnsermuKelbessa (2006). Acanthaceae. In: I. Hedberg, EnsermuKelbessa, S. Edwards, SebsebeDemissew & E. Persson (eds), Flora of Ethiopia & Eritrea. Vol. 5: 345 – 452. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University & The Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala University.
  • Hedrén, M. & Thulin, M. (2015). A replacement name for a species of Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) from Somalia. Willdenowia 45: 93.
  • Hedrén, M. (2006a). Hypoestes. In: M. Thulin (ed.), Flora of Somalia, Vol. 3: 425 – 427. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedrén, M. (2006b). New species and combinations in Acanthaceae from Somalia. Willdenowia 36: 751 – 759.
  • Heine (1963: 430);
  • Heine (1963: 431); Balkwill & Getliffe-Norris (1984: 139);
  • Heine, H. (1963). Acanthaceae. In: F. N. Hepper (ed.), Flora of West Tropical Africa. Vol. 2: 391 – 432. Second Edition. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Heine, H. (1966). Flore du Gabon 13. Acanthacées. Muséum National d’HistoireNaturelle, Paris.
  • Hiern, W. P. H. (1900). Catalogue of the African plants collected by Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853 – 1861. Dicotyledons, part IV Lentibulariaceae to Ceratophylleae. British Museum (Natural History), London.
  • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 3.1. Second Edition. IUCN Species Survival Commission, IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
  • IUCN (2013). Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 10.1. Available at http://jr.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf. Accessed 13 Dec. 2013.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-Book. Third Edition. Cambridge University Press.
  • Makholela, T. (2008). Acanthaceae. In: E. Figueiredo & G. F. Smith, Plants of Angola / Plantas de Angola. Strelitzia 22: 21 – 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
  • McDade, L. A., Daniel, T. F. & Kiel, C. A. (2008). Toward a comprehensive understanding of phylogentic relationships among lineages of Acanthaceaes.l. (Lamiales). Amer. J. Bot. 95: 1136 – 1152.
  • McDade, L. A., Daniel, T. F., Masta, S. E. & Riley, K. M. (2000). Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Justicieae (Acanthaceae): evidence from molecular sequences, morphology and cytology. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 87: 435 – 458.
  • Moore (1930: 138);
  • Moore, S. le M. (1880a). Alabastra Diversa. Pars tertia. J. Bot. 18: 1 – 8 & 37 – 42.
  • Moore, S. le M. (1880b). EnumeratioAcanthacearumHerbariiWelwitschianiAngolensis. J. Bot. 18: 193 − 199, 225 − 233, 265 − 270, 307 − 314, 340 − 342 & 362 − 366.
  • Moore, S. le M.(1930). Mr John Gossweiler’s plants from Angola and Portuguese Congo. Acanthaceae. J. Bot. 68, Suppl. II: 126 – 139.
  • Nees (1847: 505);
  • Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. D. (1847). Acanthaceae. In: A. de Candolle (ed.), ProdromusSystematis Naturalis RegniVegetabilis. Part 11: 46 – 519. Masson, Paris.
  • Roemer, J. J. & Schultes, J. A. (1817). Systemavegetabilium: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species. Edn 15, Vol. 1. Sumtibus J. G. Cottae, Stuttgardtiae.
  • White, F. (1983). Vegetation of Africa. A Descriptive Memoir to Accompany the UNESCO/AETFAT/UNSO Vegetation Map of Africa. UNESCO, Paris.
  • Wickens, G. E. (1976). The Flora of Jebel Marra (Sudan Republic) and its geographical affinities. Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. 5: 1 – 368.
  • Wood, J. R. I., Hillcoat, D. & Brummitt, R. K. (1983). Notes on the types of some names of Arabian Acanthaceae in the Forsskal herbarium. Kew Bull. 38: 429 – 456.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Benoist in Notulae Syst. 10: 242 (1942)
  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 85.
  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 24: 39
  • Chev. Bot. 501
  • F.T.A. 5: 246
  • in DC. Prod. 11: 505 (1847)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0