Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Indigofera L.

Indigofera dendroides Jacq.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
More or less branched, erect annual, up to 1.3 m. tall from a taproot, sparsely appressed strigulose throughout, the hairs often brown, especially on the inflorescence.
Morphology Leaves
Stipules linear, ± 4 mm. long; rhachis up to 6 cm. long, including a petiole of ± 1 mm., prolonged 2–3 mm. beyond lateral leaflets; petiolules well developed (± 1 mm. long); leaflets 11–27, cuneate-oblong, apiculate, up to 10 mm. long and 4 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 8–30-flowered, up to 13 cm. long, including a peduncle of up to 5 cm.; bracts narrow, 1.5 mm. long, caducous; pedicels ± 3 mm. long in flower, up to 5 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 2.5 mm. long, divided well below the middle into triangular-subulate lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla densely appressed brown strigose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rather tetragonal, 2–3 cm. long, ±1.6 mm. wide and thick, strigulose, 8–12-seeded; endocarp spotted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pitted.
Habitat
Grassland, cultivated ground, seasonal swamps and flood plains; 0–1500 m.; rainfall 1000–2000 mm.
Distribution
Senegal to Sudan, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Rhodesia, Angola K5 K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 Z

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Sudanian grasslands,
Morphology General Habit
Annual, Not climbing, Herb

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An elegant, erect, wiry, herb, up to 3 ft. high.
Note
Varies considerably; forms with more numerous leaflets and flowers having been distinguished as I. sesbaniifolia.

[ILDIS]
Use
Medicine

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Indigofera dendroides Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [8782], Angola K001294697 No
Chevalier, A. [18359], Guinea K000392654 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [944], Tanzania K000392825 Unknown type material Yes
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000392930 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Icon. Pl. Rar. 3: t. 571 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 128
  • Chev. Bot. 173
  • Cronq. in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 166, t. 13.
  • F.T.A. 2: 100
  • Ic. Pl. Bar. 3, t. 571 (1788–9)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cronquist in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 166, t. 13 (1954).
  • Gillett in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1:540 (1958)
  • Gillett in Kew Bulletin, Add. Ser. 1: 42 (1958).
  • Jacq., Coll. Bot. 2: 357 (1789)
  • Jacq., Ic. Pl. Rar. 3, t. 571 (1789).
  • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3:109 (1962).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
  • Gillett, J. B. (1958). Kew Bull. Addnl. ser. 1:1-166. Indigofera.. in Tropical Africa.

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0