Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Indigofera L.

Indigofera spinosa Forssk.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Tanzania, Arabian Peninsula.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai grasslands, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
An intricate shrublet up to 50 cm. tall; young stems densely covered with stiff appressed white hairs; older stems glabrescent and often corky at the base.
Morphology Leaves
Stipules linear-subulate, 1–3 mm. long, strigose; petiole 2–4 mm. long; rhachis extending 0–1 mm. beyond lateral leaflets; leaflets 3, rarely up to 7, elliptic, cuneate-obovate or oblanceolate, up to 6 mm. long and 3 mm. wide, strigulose above, densely strigose beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes numerous, with 2–3 flowers at and above the middle of the straw-coloured glabrescent 6–25 mm. long spinose axis; bracts minute, filiform, caducous; pedicels pilose, ± 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 2.5 mm. long; tube ± 1 mm. long; lobes equal, with subulate tips.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod straight, somewhat tetragonal, ± 15–20 mm. long, ± 1.8 mm. wide and 1.6 mm. thick, strigulose, 6–9-seeded; endocarp spotted.
Figures
Fig. 40/1–13, p. 254.
Habitat
Semi-desert grassland (often abundant) and drier Acacia, Commiphora deciduous bushland; 60–1500 m.; rainfall 150–600 mm.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T3

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrublet, much-branched, up to 50 cm tall
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 3(–7), opposite, elliptic, cuneate-obovate or oblanceolate, up to 9 x 4 mm, strigulose above, densely strigose beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Axis of inflorescence 6–25(–40) mm long, ending in a glabrescent spine Racemes numerous, 2–4(–8)-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.2–2.5 mm long, divided to the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pubescent outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (3.2–)5–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod straight, 15–20 x 1.8 mm, strigulose, 6–9-seeded.
Distribution
N1–3; C2; S1; Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, N Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Arabia
Ecology
Altitude up to 1580 m.
Vernacular
Xajiin (Somali).

Native to:

Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen

Indigofera spinosa Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Quartin Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000392734 isotype Yes

First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 137 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 77 (1871), pro majore parte.
  • Forsk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 137 (1775).
  • Gillett in Kew Bulletin, Add. Ser. 1: 51 (1958).
  • Jaub. & Spach, Ill. Pl. Or., t. 490–1 (1856).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0