Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Lonchocarpus heptaphyllus (Poir.) DC.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America. It is used as a poison and a medicine.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
acrorutú, acurutú, barbasco, barbasco de bejuco, barbasco de costilla, barbasco de dormilón, barbasco del sol, barbasco fantasma, barbasco propio, barbasco sembrado, bejuco barbasco , índigo

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Gallito, Savonnette-grand Bois, Savonnette-grandes Feuilles, Savonnette-riviere

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 100 m.; Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–250 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Guaviare, Magdalena, Meta, Putumayo, San Andrés y Providencia, Vaupés.
Habit
Tree, Climbing.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, wetlands (inland).
Vernacular
Acurutú, Barbasco, Índigo

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Barbasco, Barbasco de bejuco, Eomu (Cubeo)

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 220 - 220 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 250 - 250 m.; Amazonia.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada

[ILDIS]
Use
Wood

[UPFC]
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

Native to:

Belize, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Sri Lanka

Lonchocarpus heptaphyllus (Poir.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Costa Rica K001478529 Yes
Mar 1, 1995 Thomsen, K. [1318], Costa Rica Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635679 No
Mar 1, 1995 Thomsen, K. [1318], Costa Rica Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635678 No
Jun 1, 1994 Chinchilla, F. [ISB00296], El Salvador Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635672 No
May 1, 1994 Mangandi, A. [s.n.], El Salvador Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635671 No
Jan 1, 1987 Gentle, P.H. [2827], Belize Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635673 No
Jan 1, 1987 Gaumer, G.F. [20], Honduras Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635676 No
Jan 1, 1987 Schipp, W.A. [770], Belize Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635677 No
Jan 1, 1987 Schipp, W.A. [301], Belize Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635674 No
Jan 1, 1987 Gentle, P.H. [2559], Belize Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635675 No
Jan 1, 1986 Martínez Salas, E.M. [19037], Mexico Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635680 No
Jan 1, 1986 Martínez Salas, E.M. [19037], Mexico Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635681 No
Aug 1, 1985 Grayum, M.H. [2328], Costa Rica Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus K000635746 No
Jun 24, 2008 Vandrot, H. [124], Belize Lonchocarpus latifolius K000564433 No
Jun 13, 2008 Ducke, A. [551], Brazil Lonchocarpus latifolius K000921672 Yes
Jun 13, 2008 Ducke, A. [24310], Brazil Lonchocarpus latifolius K000921673 Yes
Jun 13, 2008 Ducke, A. [24309], Brazil Lonchocarpus latifolius K000921671 Yes
Jun 10, 2008 Wasicky, R. [s.n.], Brazil Lonchocarpus latifolius K000921674 Yes
May 19, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [s.n.], Brazil Lonchocarpus latifolius K000921670 Yes
Calzada, J.I. [1817], Mexico Lonchocarpus latifolius K000564432 No
Espinosa, A. [MB800], Panama Lonchocarpus latifolius K000654035 No
Seemann, B.C. [1685], Panama Lonchocarpus latifolius K000654036 No
Hayes, S. [374], Panama Lonchocarpus latifolius K000654037 No
Seemann, B.C. [627], Panama Lonchocarpus latifolius K000654038 No
Proctor-Cooper, G. [227], Panama Lonchocarpus latifolius K000654034 No

First published in Prodr. 2: 259 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America. Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index.. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America. Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • da Silva e Silva, W.L., Cajueiro Gurgel, E.S., Moreira dos Santos, J.U. & Falcão da Silva, M. (2013). Inventário e distribuição geográfica de Leguminosae no arquipélago de Marajó, PA, Brazil. Hoehnea 40: 627-647.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Bailey, L. H. & Bailey, E. Z. (1976). Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan
  • Croat, T. B. (1978). Stanford Univ. Press Fl. Barro Colorado Island
  • Fournet, J. (1978). Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe & Martinique

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0