Macrotyloma africanum (Brenan ex R.Wilczek) Verdc.

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 402 (1970)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical Africa. It is a scrambling annual or perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial climbing or trailing herb 0·3–1·35 m. long, often forming a tangled mass.
Morphology Stem
Stems glabrous or sparsely puberulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, narrowly ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 1–4·5 cm. long, 0·5–2 cm. wide, narrowed to an obtuse but mucronulate apex, rounded at the base, glabrous or sparsely adpressed puberulent on both surfaces; petioles 1·2–3 cm. long; rhachis 1·5–5 mm. long; petiolules ± 1 mm. long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; pedicels ± 1 mm. long; bracts 1·2 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, linear, 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx glabrous or glabrescent; tube 1·5–2 mm. long; lobes 1·5–3 mm. long, ciliate, the upper pair almost or completely joined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard greenish-yellow or cream, often with a faint mauve mark inside, oblong-obovate, 0·6–1·3 cm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods stipitate, linear, straight, 3–4·8 cm. long, 3–4 mm. wide, beaked, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow-brown with black mottling or mottled orange, pale buff and greyish-black, oblong, compressed, the margins ± keeled, longest dimension 2–2·8 mm., shorter dimension 2 mm., 1·2 mm. thick.
Habitat
Grassland, Acacia, Commiphora bushland, termite-hills in seasonally flooded grassland, etc.; 1030–1770 m.
Distribution
K3 T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian bushland and thicket, Sudanian grasslands, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
Morphology General Habit
Annual, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial climbing or trailing herb, 30–135 cm long, often forming a tangled mass.
Morphology Stem
Stems glabrous or sparsely puberulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–4.5 × 0.5–2 cm, narrowly ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, narrowed to an obtuse, mucronulate apex, rounded at the base, glabrous or sparsely appressed puberulent on both surfaces; petioles 1.2–3 cm long; rhachis 1.5–5 mm long; petiolules 1 mm long; stipules 3–4 × 1–2 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, striate; stipels 1–2 mm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; pedicels 1 mm long; bracts 1 mm long; bracteoles 2–3 mm long, linear, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx glabrous or glabrescent; tube 1.5–2 mm long; lobes 1.5–3 mm long, ciliate, the upper pair almost completely or completely fused.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard greenish-yellow or cream-coloured, often with a faint mauve mark inside, 6–13 × 4–8 mm, oblong-obovate, emarginate; wings 5–10 mm long; keel 6–11 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 30–48 × 3–4 mm, linear, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, beaked, 8–10-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow-brown with black mottling or mottled orange, pale buff and greyish-black, 2–3 × 2 × 1–1.5 mm, oblong, compressed, the margins keeled.
[FZ]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Slender annual herb, climbing to 6 ft. high, green and glabrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, greenish-yellow.
[FWTA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0