Macrotyloma axillare (E.Mey.) Verdc.

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 402 (1970)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, SW. Arabian Peninsula Sri Lanka. It is a scrambling annual or perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Climbing or trailing herb up to 3.5 m long, from a perennial woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems annual, glabrous or with golden appressed or spreading pubescence.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–6.8 × 0.5–4 cm, elliptic to ovate, pubescent to glabrous on both surfaces, generally obtuse to slightly acuminate at the apex, mucronulate, rounded at the base; petiole 8–45 mm long; rhachis 2–8 mm long; petiolules 2 mm long; stipules 2–5 × 1–2 mm, ovate, truncate at the base, striate; stipels 2–3 mm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3–4(10)-flowered fascicles; pedicels 2–3 mm long; bracts 2–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate; bracteoles 2–5 mm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, triangular, acuminate, upper pair completely fused.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard white, green to yellow with purple blotch at base, 12–30 × 6–18 mm, oblong to oblong-elliptic, emarginate, with lamelliform appendages up to 7 mm long; wings 10–18 mm long; keel 8–18 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4–5 mm long, densely appresssed sericeous-pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 3–8 cm × 5–8 mm, linear-oblong, compressed, glabrous to pubescent, 3–8-seeded; beak 3–15 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds beige to deep red mottled black, 3–4 × 2–3 × 0.5–1.5 mm; hilum small, central.
[FZ]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber up to 3.5 m long; stems ± pubescent
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets elliptic to ovate, 1.5–9 x 1–5 cm, subacute to acuminate at the apex, pubescent to glabrous on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers axillary in 2–4(–10)-flowered clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube c. 2 mm long; lobes lanceolate, 2.5–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard 1–2.4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod linear-oblong, 30–80 x 6–8 mm, glabrous to pubescent.
[FSOM]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; wooded grassland., Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; grassland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian wooded
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Anamilotro, Archer Dolichos, Vohavavy, Vohifoko, Vohiteloravina
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herb 0·2–3·5 m. long; rootstock often very stout and woody.
Morphology Stem
Stems with adpressed, spreading or tangled yellowish hairs or glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3(–4), elliptic, ovate-lanceolate, ovate or subrhombic, 1·1–7·5 cm. long, 0·7–4·2 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded to subacute at the base, pubescent to glabrous on both surfaces; petiole 1–5·5 cm. long; rhachis 2–11 mm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary in 2–4(–10)-flowered fascicles; peduncles obsolete or very short; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts ± persistent, linear-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, linear, 2·5–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube ± 2 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 2·5–5 mm. long, narrowly acuminate, the upper pair almost or entirely joined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard whitish or green to yellow with crimson or purplish spot inside near the centre, oblong-elliptic, 1–2·4 cm. long, 0·6–1·5 cm. wide, emarginate, the internal appendages very well marked, ± 5 mm. long; wings and keel greenish to yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear-oblong, 3–8 cm. long, (5–)6–8 mm. wide, glabrous to pubescent, acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds buff to dark red with sparse to very dense black mottling, rounded or ellipsoid, compressed, longest dimension 3–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 0·6–1·5 mm. thick; hilum small, central; rim-aril obsolete.
[FTEA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climbing herb, 3–4 ft. high, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale green.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use
Environmental, Forage, Medicine
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0