Macrotyloma maranguense (Taub.) Verdc.

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 404 (1970)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. Central & E. Tropical Africa, S. Africa. It is a climbing perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian grassland, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herb 0·8–2·4 m. long, often rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Stem
Stems pubescent with short spreading hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, elliptic or lanceolate, 1·8–8 cm. long, 0·6–4·5 cm. wide, obtuse or rarely subacute at the apex, rounded or somewhat narrowed at the base, finely adpressed pubescent on both surfaces, the margins often with a characteristic short close white pubescence, lower surface often purplish due to dense resin dots, penni-nerved but rather prominently 3-nerved from the base; petiole 1·7–20 cm. long; rhachis 1–10 mm. long; petiolules 0·5–4 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3–7 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, pubescent, veined; stipels longer than in other related species, 4–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers 1–4 in axillary fascicles or in longer false inflorescences which are really slender leafless branches with several axillary fascicles; peduncle really very short but appearing to be 1·5–5 cm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles persistent, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1·5–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Normal flowers:calyx pubescent; tube 2–3 mm. long; lobes triangular, 1·5–3(–6) mm. long, the upper pair joined for two-thirds to almost their entire length. Standard cream or pale yellow, flushed mauve inside near the base, oblong-elliptic to almost round, 1–1·7 cm. long, 1·2–1·4 cm. wide, emarginate; wings and keel sometimes slightly twisted. Cleistogamous flowers:calyx ± 2·7 mm. long; standard rounded-ovate, 6·5 mm. long, 6 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Single-seeded geocarpic fruits almost round, 1–1·2 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, compressed, beaked, wrinkled. Pods oblong, 2–3·5 cm. long, 7 mm. wide, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellowish or pinkish-brown, mottled with black and yellow-brown, or all blackish, elliptic or oblong-reniform, longest dimension 4·5–7 mm., shorter dimension 3–5 mm., 3·5 mm. thick; aril developed, white.
Note
Imperfectly known species
Habitat
Grassland, grassland with scattered trees; 900–1650 m.
Distribution
K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 U2 Z
[FTEA]

Uses

Use
Food and Drink
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0