Macrotyloma stipulosum (Welw. ex Baker) Verdc.

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 403 (1970)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa. It grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb up to 30 cm tall, from a perennial woody tuberous rootstock.
Morphology General Indumentum
All axes white spreading pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate, occasionally lower leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets 2.4–10 × 0.5–2.5 cm, oblanceolate, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, rarely linear, slightly discolorous, rounded or subacute at the apex, apiculate, cuneate at the base, sparsely hairy to glabrescent on both surfaces; petiole 6–25 mm long; rhachis 2–4 mm long; petiolules 2 mm long; stipules 7–15 × 3–5 mm, oblong-lanceolate, striate; stipels 4–5 mm long, narrowly lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, in 3–4-flowered fascicles; peduncles 2–5 mm long; pedicels 4–10 mm long; bracts 3–5 mm long, linear; bracteoles 3–4 mm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube 2–3 mm long, glabrescent or sparsely pilose, striate; lobes 4–9 mm long, sparsely pilose, the upper pair fused for up to three-quarters of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard 12–20 × 8–13 mm, broadly elliptic, emarginate at the apex, pale green to yellow flushed with pink; wings 17–21 × 3–4 mm; keel 13–17 × 3–5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 9 mm long densely white sericeous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 4.5–6 cm × 5.5–6.5 mm, linear, compressed, densely appressed pilose, beaked, 9–10-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown speckled black, 2–3 × 2–3 × 1–2 mm, squarish.
[FZ]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herb 10–30 cm. tall, with a carrot-like woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems covered with spreading white hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3 or on lowermost leaves 1, paler beneath, oblong-elliptic to linear or oblanceolate, 2–7·5 cm. long, (0·15–)0·9–2 cm. wide, rounded or subacute and mucronulate at the apex, cuneate, glabrous or with sparse hairs on the midrib and minutely granular above, sparsely pilose or glabrescent beneath; petiole 0·6–3 cm. long; rhachis 2–3·5 mm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules persistent, oblong-lanceolate, 6–13 mm. long, 3·5–4·5 mm. wide, veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 3–4 in axillary fascicles; peduncles 2–6 mm. long; pedicels 4–12 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles persistent, linear, 3–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube 2–5 mm. long, veined, glabrescent or sparsely pilose; lobes linear-lanceolate, 5–9(–12) mm. long, sparsely spreading pilose, the upper pair joined for half to three-quarters of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pale greenish or yellow with some pink flushing, broadly elliptic, curved, 1·4–2·1 cm. long, 1–1·4 cm. wide, shallowly emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod linear, 4·5–6 cm. long, 5·5–6·5 mm. wide, compressed, margined, narrowed to the beaked apex, densely adpressed pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pinkish-brown with black speckling, squarish, longest dimension ± 3 mm., shorter dimension 2·5 mm., 1·5 mm. thick.
Habitat
Grassland subject to burning, Brachystegia woodland; 1200–1650 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 T1 T4
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian woodland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Medicine
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0