Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Macrotyloma tenuiflorum (Micheli) Verdc.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Ethiopia and Angola.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Sudanian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Completely prostrate herb, with stems up to 0·8 m. long from a woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems slender, densely covered with spreading to somewhat adpressed pale hairs, often rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, broadly elliptic, round or obovate, the laterals somewhat oblique, 1–4·5 cm. long, 0·7–3·5 cm. wide, emarginate or rounded but mucronate at the apex, broadly cuneate to rounded at the base, adpressed pubescent on both surfaces and with a fringe of adpressed white hairs noticeable around the margin, often with a purplish tinge due to resin dots and the main nerves margined with pale yellowish above; petiole 0·4–1·3 cm. long, channelled, pubescent; rhachis mostly obsolete; petiolules 1–1·5 mm. long; stipules oblong-elliptic, 2–3 mm. long, 1–1·5 mm. wide, persistent, mostly dark brownish-purple with pale nerves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; peduncles 0–2 cm. long (probably leafless side shoots); pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, 1–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx sparsely pubescent; tube 1·5–2 mm. long; lobes triangular or elongate-triangular, 1–2 mm. long, lowest lobe longest, upper pair joined completely or almost so to form a lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard white or yellowish-blue, sometimes marked with reddish-purple, obovate, 0·8–1·2 cm. long, 5–7 mm. wide, emarginate; wings and keel whitish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear, 4–5·2 cm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, glabrous, apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut, compressed oblong-ellipsoid, longest dimension 2·5–3 mm., shorter dimension 1·2–1·5 mm., 0·6 mm. thick; hilum central, oblong-elliptic; narrowest end of seed tipped with a translucent glandular cap (? elaiosome) not connected with the hilum.
Habitat
On bare stony ground in grassland and open Combretum wooded grassland; 1080 m.
Distribution
U2

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Macrotyloma tenuiflorum (Micheli) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 402 (1970)

Accepted by

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 402 (1970).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0