Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual climbing herb up to 0.6 m long; stems pilose
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate-rhomboid, obovate or elliptic, 1–3.5 x 0.7–2.7 cm, rounded or subacute at the tip, glabrescent to pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary (1–)2–3(–5)-flowered clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube 2 mm long; lobes narrow, 3–8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard 0.6–1.2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 30–55 x 4–8 mm, upcurved towards the apex, pods pilose with an understorey of very fine hairs, or glabrous.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual climbing herb up to 0·6 m. long, often from a tough rootstock, possibly sometimes suberect.
Morphology Stem
Stems sparsely to fairly densely covered with ± spreading soft whitish hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, ovate-rhomboid, obovate or elliptic, the laterals oblique, 1–3·5(–8 in Indian material) cm. long, 0·7–2·7(–7·8 in Indian material) cm. wide, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0·8–6·8 cm. long; rhachis 2·5–10 mm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary in (1–)2–3 (–5)-flowered fascicles; peduncle and rhachis 0–1·5 cm. long; pedicels 1–7 mm. long; bracts linear, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear, ± 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 2 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex, upper pair entirely joined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, obovate-oblong, 0·6–1·2 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear-oblong, 3–5·5 cm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, acuminate, at first densely, later more sparsely silky pilose with long hairs or glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform; margins ± keeled, longest dimension 3–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·8–3·5 mm., thickness 1·5–2 mm.; hilum and rim-aril minute.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitional zone; wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Horse Gram, Kollu, Kulthi, Madras Gram

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Climbing (possibly sometimes suberect) herb up to 60 cm long, from a perennial fibrous rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems annual, sparsely to densely spreading or appressed sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–3.5 × 0.7–2.7 cm, ovate-rhombic, obovate or elliptic, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, laterals oblique, midvein not central, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0.8–6.8 cm long; rhachis 2.5–10 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 4–8 mm long, lanceolate, striate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3(5)-flowered fascicles, rarely solitary; peduncle and rhachis 0–15 mm long; pedicels 1–7 mm long; bracts 2 mm long, linear; bracteoles 3 mm long, linear, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 3 mm long; lobes 3 mm long, linear, upper pair completely fused.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, 6–12 × 4–7 mm, obovate-oblong; wings and keel greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 30–55 × 4–8 mm, linear-oblong, acuminate, densely pilose when young, later more sparsely so, glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins, 7–10-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, 3–4 × 3–4 × 1.5–2 mm, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform, margins keeled; hilum and rim aril minute.

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cameroon, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Jawa, Nepal, Philippines, Queensland, Taiwan

Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 1, 1982 Bourne [3257], Andhra Pradesh K000900660 Yes
Bidgood, S. [5765], Tanzania K000468659 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5538], Myanmar Dolichos uniflorus K001121229 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5538] Dolichos uniflorus K001121227 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5538] Dolichos uniflorus K001121228 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5538], India Dolichos uniflorus K001121226 Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 322 (1970)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations. Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations. Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 322, 401 (1970).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ali, S. I. (1977). Papilion. In: Flora of West Pakistan, No 100.
  • Backer, C. A. (1963). Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands
  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Hacker, J. B. (1990). A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland.
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
  • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
  • Saxena, H. O. & Brahman, M. (1994). The Flora of Orissa (Ranunculaceae to Fabaceae)
  • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
  • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
  • Verdcourt, B. (1982). Hookers Ic. Pl. 38, 4:1-138. A revision of Macrotyloma (Legum.)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0