Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.

First published in Kew Bull. 24: 322 (1970)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar. It is a scrambling annual or perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/179293/1574123

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual climbing herb up to 0.6 m long; stems pilose
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate-rhomboid, obovate or elliptic, 1–3.5 x 0.7–2.7 cm, rounded or subacute at the tip, glabrescent to pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary (1–)2–3(–5)-flowered clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube 2 mm long; lobes narrow, 3–8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard 0.6–1.2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 30–55 x 4–8 mm, upcurved towards the apex, pods pilose with an understorey of very fine hairs, or glabrous.
[FSOM]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual climbing herb up to 0·6 m. long, often from a tough rootstock, possibly sometimes suberect.
Morphology Stem
Stems sparsely to fairly densely covered with ± spreading soft whitish hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, ovate-rhomboid, obovate or elliptic, the laterals oblique, 1–3·5(–8 in Indian material) cm. long, 0·7–2·7(–7·8 in Indian material) cm. wide, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0·8–6·8 cm. long; rhachis 2·5–10 mm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary in (1–)2–3 (–5)-flowered fascicles; peduncle and rhachis 0–1·5 cm. long; pedicels 1–7 mm. long; bracts linear, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear, ± 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 2 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex, upper pair entirely joined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, obovate-oblong, 0·6–1·2 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear-oblong, 3–5·5 cm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, acuminate, at first densely, later more sparsely silky pilose with long hairs or glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform; margins ± keeled, longest dimension 3–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·8–3·5 mm., thickness 1·5–2 mm.; hilum and rim-aril minute.
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitional zone; wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Horse Gram, Kollu, Kulthi, Madras Gram
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Climbing (possibly sometimes suberect) herb up to 60 cm long, from a perennial fibrous rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems annual, sparsely to densely spreading or appressed sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–3.5 × 0.7–2.7 cm, ovate-rhombic, obovate or elliptic, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, laterals oblique, midvein not central, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0.8–6.8 cm long; rhachis 2.5–10 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 4–8 mm long, lanceolate, striate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3(5)-flowered fascicles, rarely solitary; peduncle and rhachis 0–15 mm long; pedicels 1–7 mm long; bracts 2 mm long, linear; bracteoles 3 mm long, linear, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 3 mm long; lobes 3 mm long, linear, upper pair completely fused.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, 6–12 × 4–7 mm, obovate-oblong; wings and keel greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 30–55 × 4–8 mm, linear-oblong, acuminate, densely pilose when young, later more sparsely so, glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins, 7–10-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, 3–4 × 3–4 × 1.5–2 mm, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform, margins keeled; hilum and rim aril minute.
[FZ]

Uses

Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0