Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Medicago L.

Medicago laciniata (L.) Mill.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to Ethiopia and Tanzania, S. Africa, W. & SW. Asia to W. Himalaya.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Spreading annual herb, branching from the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; leaflets 4–15 × 2–7 mm, narrowly cuneate-obovate or cuneate-oblong, truncate to retuse and apiculate at the apex, denticulate in the upper half or deeply toothed or irregularly laciniate, glabrous above, sparsely pilose beneath; petioles up to 2.5 cm long; rhachis up to 5 mm long; stipules laciniate, with simple hairs beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 1–2-flowered; peduncle produced into an arista beyond the terminal flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very small, with pedicels shorter than the calyx tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–4 mm long, sparsely appressed-hairy; teeth equal, shorter than the tube, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, twice as long as the calyx; standard ovate, longer than the keel; wings shorter than the keel; keel blunt, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod cylindrical to ellipsoid, usually glabrous, spiny; coils 3–7, turning anticlockwise, the broadest coil 3–5 mm in diameter, not strongly appressed to each other; surface of coils with numerous S-shaped radial veins, not anastomosing before joining the submarginal vein near to the dorsal suture; grooves between dorsal suture and submarginal vein of pod narrow (invisible in side view of pod); spines 2–4 mm long, with 2-rooted base, one root arising in the dorsal suture, the other in the submarginal vein, the longer ones hooked at the tip, divergent and intermeshing with those of adjoining coils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5–10 per pod, c. 3 mm long, oblong to subreniform, yellowish, smooth.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Spreading annual, subglabrous or sparsely pilose
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets cuneate-obovate or cuneate-oblong, up to 12 x 5 mm, strongly toothed; stipules laciniate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1–2-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, 4–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod up to 5 mm in diam., in a globose coil of c. 5 turns, glabrous; transverse veins sigmoid, sparingly branched; submarginal vein broad, separated from the flat or convex marginal vein by a narrow groove; spines up to 3 mm long, hooked.
Distribution
N1–3 N Africa to SW Asia; widely introduced in other areas.
Ecology
Altitude range 1150–1725 m.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Spreading annual, subglabrous or sparsely pilose, especially on the petioles and lower surface of the leaflet-midribs.
Morphology Leaves
Stipules laciniate; petiole up to 2 cm. long; rhachis above lateral leaflets up to 5 mm. long; leaflets narrowly cuneate-obovate or cuneate-oblong, up to 12 by 5 mm., strongly toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1–2-flowered; peduncle wiry, ± 2 cm., pedicel ± 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, 4–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod ± 5-seeded, glabrous, in a globose coil of ± 5 turns, ± 5 mm. across excluding the spines, its finely veined sides hidden by the reduced terminal whorls, glabrous; spines hooked, up to 3 mm. long in 2 rows on the thickened suture.
Figures
Fig. 144/1–10, p. 1038.
Habitat
Pastures, especially where seasonally waterlogged; 1500–2100 m.; rainfall 600–900 mm.
Distribution
Somali Republic (N.), Socotra, a form in South Africafrom Morocco to the Punjabwidely introduced in other areas with a more or less “Mediterranean” climate K1 K3 K4 K6 T1 T2

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Montane woodland, Afromontane grassland, Mediterranean/Sahara regional transition zone; grassland.
Morphology General Habit
Annual, Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Cut-leaved Medick, Lyutzerna Razdelnolistnaya, Tattered Medick

[ILDIS]
Use
Forage, Weed

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Botswana, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Free State, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen

Introduced into:

Baltic States, Corse, France, Italy, Japan, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, Victoria, Western Australia

Medicago laciniata (L.) Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1988 Blatter, E. [795] K000999647 Unknown type material Yes
Bové, N. [196], Egypt K000226896 Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [130], Egypt K000226897 Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [s.n.], Egypt K000226898 Yes
Stocks, J.E. [734], Pakistan K000999626 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000999625 Yes
Bunge, A.A.von [306] Medicago monantha K000998799 Yes
Durieu de Maisonneuve, M.C. [s.n.], France Medicago monantha K000998745 Yes
Karelin, G.S. [1350], Kazakhstan Medicago monantha K000998798 Yes
Blatter, E. [320] Medicago pseudogranatensis K000999646 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.° 5 (1768)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae Candollea 47: 397-481.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Small, E. (2011). Alfalfa and relatives. Evolution and classification of Medicago: 1-727. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Hong, D.Y. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Pan-Himalaya 19(6): 1-130. Science Press, Beijing. Cambridge University Press. [Cited as Medicago polymorpha.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Small, E. (2011). Alfalfa and relatives. Evolution and classification of Medicago: 1-727. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Allioni, PI. Pedem. 1: 315 (1785).
  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 51 (1871).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 246 (1955).
  • Edwards & Bogdan, Import. Grassl. PI. Kenya: 97, t. 33/4 (1951).
  • Heyn, Annual Sp. Medicago: 55 (1963).
  • Mill, Gard. Diet., ed. 8, No. 5 (1768).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Grossheim, A. A. (1941). In: Flora URSS Vol. 11. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
  • Quezel, P. & Santa, S. (1962). Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie et des regions desertiq. merid. 1
  • Small, E. & Jomphe, M. (1989). A Synopsis of the genus Medicago. Can. J. Bot 67:3260-3294
  • Stace, C. (1991). New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge Univ. Press
  • Thulin, M. (1983). Opera Botanica 68:1-223. Leguminosae of Ethiopia
  • Townsend, C. C. & Guest, E. (1974). Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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