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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia.
Justicia gendarussa

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby herb or shrub to 1.5(–3) m tall; young branches purple, glabrous or with a thin band of hairs at nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous; petiole to 7 mm long; lamina narrowly ovate or narrowly elliptic, largest 7.3–9.5 × 1.3–1.5 cm; apex obtuse; base attenuate, not decurrent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in 2–3(7)-flowered cymules at base and single upwards in terminal (or also from upper leaf axils) subsessile racemiform cymes to 12 cm long; rachis glabrous or sparsely puberulous upwards; lower bracts foliaceous, upper bracts and bracteoles linear to lanceolate, to 1 cm (bracts) or 4 mm (bracteoles) long, falling early; pedicels to 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–7 mm long, sparsely sericeous-puberulous; lobes linear-lanceolate, cuspidate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white to purple, with darker markings on lower lip, 14–16 mm long, glabrous; tube 9–10 mm long and c.2 mm diameter; upper lip 5–6 mm long, flat or slightly hooded; lower lip spreading, 7–8 mm long, deeply 3-lobed, lobes oblong-elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments held under upper lip; thecae c.1 mm long, oblong, parallel, almost superposed, glabrous, lower with small appendage c.0.25 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c.10 mm long, with placentae separating from outer fruit wall and rising elastically, minutely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Immature seeds densely reticulate-tuberculate.
Distribution
Widespread in India and SE Asia, usually cultivated and naturalised.
Ecology
In the Flora area grown as a hedge plant, sometimes persisting in abandoned gardens and fields; 20–200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Introduced; not threatened.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Hainan, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Pakistan, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, Windward Is.

Justicia gendarussa Burm.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 17, 2015 Ng, F.S.G. [FRI 27077], Peninsular Malaysia K000938905
Dec 15, 2015 Tsang, W.T. [29828], Vietnam K000939259
Jul 1, 2011 Wiriadinata [13396], Sulawesi K000734116
Sep 1, 2007 Wood, D. [1418], Seychelles K000469023
Jan 1, 1970 Procter [3925], Seychelles K000325245
Skorupa, L.A. [723], Brazil K001033331
Glaziou [1011], Brazil K001033329
Usteri, A. [239b], Brazil K001033332
Ball, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001033330
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2442], Myanmar Justicia gandarussa K001116021
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116020
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116017
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116010
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116012
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116016
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116011
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2442], Malaysia Justicia gandarussa K001116014
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116009
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116013
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2442], Myanmar Justicia gandarussa K001116022
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 2442] Justicia gandarussa K001116015

First published in Fl. Indica: 10 (1768)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Begum, M. & Khan, M.S. (2001). Justicia vahlii Roth. (Acanthaceae)- A new Angiospermic record for Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Botany 30: 73-74.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1998). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 12: 1-390. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Malik, K.A. & Ghafoor, A. (1988). Flora of Pakistan 188: 1-79. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Singh, A. (2012). Exotic flora of the Chandauli district Uttar Pradesh, India: an overview Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fl. Indica: 10 (1768).
  • —Clarke in F.T.A. 5: 203 (1900).
  • —Vollesen in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 529 (2010).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Begum, M. & Khan, M.S. (2001). Justicia vahlii Roth. (Acanthaceae)- A new Angiospermic record for Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Botany 30: 73-74.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Malik, K.A. & Ghafoor, A. (1988). Flora of Pakistan 188: 1-79. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/