Cardamine pratensis subsp. pratensis

This subspecies is accepted
The native range of this subspecies is Greenland to N. Central & NE. U.S.A., Azores, Temp. Eurasia, Ethiopia. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.


Native to:

Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Maine, Manchuria, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Québec, Romania, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Vermont, West Siberia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

British Columbia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South


Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Minnesota Flora. An illustrated guide to the vascular plants of Minnesota ed. 2: 1-776. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Wisconsin Flora ed. 2: 1-818. Steve W. Chadde.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 10: 1-590. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Ebel, A. (2005). Review of Brassicaceae family in the flora of Khakassia. Turczaninowia 8(1): 11-38.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 1-797. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Herkert, J.R. & Ebinger, J.E. (eds.) (2002). Endangered and Threatened Species of Illinois: status and distribution 1: 1-161. Endangered species protection board, Springfield, Illinois.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1988). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 3: 1-419. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:


  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.