Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf.

First published in Sylva Tellur.: 119 (1838)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Venezuela, Peru, Caribbean. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
algarrobo, argentino, cují, cují negro, jpayandé, mancacaballo, mesquite, romero, trupí, trupillo
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2100 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree or shrub, armed with stipular spines 0.5–2.5(–5) cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with 1–2(–4) pairs of pinnae; leaflets 6–29 pairs, 6–23 x 1.5–5.5 mm, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish in spiciform racemes, 5–10(–15) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod pale brown, linear, straight or slightly curved, 8–29 x 0.8–1.7 cm, compressed, with a sugary-pulpy mesocarp.
Ecology
Introduced and sometimes naturalised near waterholes, along wadis and at roadsides at low altitude
Distribution
At least in N1, N3, C1, 2 and S2, and has become a pest in some areas; native of America.
Vernacular
Lebi (Somali).
Note
Often invasive
[FSOM]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Algarrobe, Bayahonda, Bayahonda Blanca, Bayahonde, Bayarone, Bayarone Francais, Cambron, Cashaw, Epinard, Kabuli Kikar, Mesquite, Mostrenco, Vilayati Babul, Vilayati Khejra, Vilayati Kikar
[ILDIS]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2100 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Shrub, Tree.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Al pia, Algarrobo, Anchipia guaira, Aromo, Bayawond blan, Chepesi, Cují, Cují negro, Mancacaballo, Mesquite, Trupillo
[UPFC]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2100 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub.
Vernacular
Al pia, bayawond blan.
[UPB]

Uses

Use
Used for forage Used for timber Now widely cultivated in the tropics for shade Pods are edible and can be ground into flour and used to make a flat bread.
[FSOM]

Use
Environmental, Forage, Wood
[ILDIS]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Fibres
Bark - Used to make cord (Linares et al. 2008).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Common Names

Spanish
Algarrobo, cují, cují negro, trupillo, aromo, mezquite, mesquite, mancacaballo, chepesi, anchipia, guaira.

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/