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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 30 m high, with a spreading crown; young branchlets glabrous to puberulous
Morphology Leaves
Pinnae 4–11 pairs; leaflets 11–17(–28) pairs, oblong, 12–32 x 5–12 mm, rounded at the apex, puberulous on margins near base, otherwise glabrous; petiole on upper side with 2 narrow glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Heads pendent on peduncles 9–35 cm long, club-shaped, up to 8.8 x 7.5 cm, reddish, with a strong smell
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Bisexual flowers with calyx 10–13 mm long; petals with free part c. 10 mm long, puberulous at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 30–60 x 1.5–2.8(–3.5) cm, glabrous or almost so, sometimes somewhat constricted between the seeds.
Distribution
S3 Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, and southwards to Zambia and Angola.
Ecology
Altitude c. 10 m.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian forest, Guineo-Congolian forest., Somalia-Masai forest, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
African Locust Bean

[FZ]

Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

Morphology General Habit
Tree 8-30(35) m. high; crown spreading, flat or rounded; bark scaly or smooth, grey to yellow-brown; young branchlets glabrous to puberulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves: petiole on upper side usually with 2 narrow ± collateral glands; rhachis puberulous or shortly pubescent; pinnae (3)4-11 (14 fide Eggeling & Dale, Indigenous Trees of Uganda); leaflets 10-18 pairs (to 28 pairs in juvenile or coppice leaves), oblong, often with a slight sigmoid curve, rounded at the apex, asymmetrically rounded or subtruncate at the base, mostly 1·2-3·2(3·4) cm. long, 5-12(14) mm. wide, glabrous except for puberulence on the margins near the base, 2 longitudinal nerves more distinct than the others.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles c. 9-52 cm. long. Heads pendent, claviform, up to c. 8·8 x 7·5 cm., brick-red to reddish-pink, with a strong pungent smell.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles linear, enlarged at the apex, up to 15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Hermaphrodite flowers: pedicel 3-4 mm. long; calyx 10-14 mm. long, glabrous or nearly so except for the lobes, which are densely tomentellous outside, the larger lobes 1·7-2·5 mm. long, rounded; petals adnate to the staminal tube for c. 2-4 mm. at the base, above this free for c. 10 mm. and linear-spathulate, puberulous at the apex which is c. 0·6-0·75 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 30-60 cm. long (including 4-10 cm. long stipe), 1·5-2·8(3·5) cm. wide, glabrous or nearly so; margins straight or ± constricted between the seeds.

[FWTA]

Mimosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 100 ft. high
Ecology
In the drier parts of the forest zone and in gallery forest.

[ILDIS]
Use
Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Wood

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Parkia filicoidea Welw. ex Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14538], Cameroon K000092912
Richards, H.M. [11435], Zambia 6638.000
Harley [9472], Tanzania 6976.000
Welwitsch [1787], Angola K000232174
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1995], Kenya K000232175
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001276573
Gossweiler, J. [4829.A], Angola K001276575
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614467
Gossweiler, J. [4829], Angola K001276574

First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 324 (1871)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. [Cited as Parkia africana.]

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 196, t. 72
  • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 3: 781, partly
  • F.T.A. 2: 324 (1871), partly (excl. Barter s.n.)
  • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 249
  • Gilbert & Boutique in Fl. Congo Belge 3: 141.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
  • Eggeling, W. J. & Dale, I. R. (1952). The Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate.
  • Hopkins, H. C. (1983). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 87:135-167. Taxonomy... of Parkia.. in Africa.
  • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0