Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to W. Pacific.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Diagnostic
It is in every respect like a Derris (see p. 73) except for the distinctive fruit, which is somewhat flattened but very thick-walled, obliquely oblong-elliptic in outline.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Coqueluche, Gal-karanda, Indian Beech, Kanji, Karanda, Karanj, Magul-karanda, Mullikulam Tree, Pongam, Pongam Oil Tree, Poona, Punka, Punku, Vesi Ne Wai, Vesivesi

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Wood

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Christmas I., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Marianas, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Comoros, Egypt, Mauritius, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Wheatley, J.I. [585], Vanuatu 54966.000 No
Nooteboom, H.P. [5932], Indonesia 71462.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122469 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122472 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122479 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122476 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5878], Malaysia Pongamia glabra K001122474 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122477 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122480 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122471 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122478 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122475 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122468 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878], India Pongamia glabra K001122473 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122470 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5878] Pongamia glabra K001122481 Yes
Jun 1, 1998 Teijsmann, J.E. [s.n.], Jawa Millettia pinnata K000848774 Yes
Cunningham, A. [20], Australia Millettia pinnata K000848798 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Australia Millettia pinnata K000848797 Yes
Schultz, F. [561], Australia Millettia pinnata K000618773 Yes
Hann, W. [274], Australia Millettia pinnata K000618771 syntype Yes
Hann, W. [186], Australia Millettia pinnata K000618772 syntype No

First published in Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 4: t. 385 (1898)

Accepted by

  • (2019). https://www.publish.csiro.au/SB/fulltext/SB18039 epublication.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.

Not accepted by

  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html. [Cited as Millettia pinnata.]
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91. [Cited as Millettia pinnata.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ali, S. I. (1977). Papilion. In: Flora of West Pakistan, No 100.
  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Deb, D. B. (1981). The Flora of Tripura State Vol 1
  • DuPuy, D. J. & Telford, I. R. H. (1993). Flora of Austalia 50 Oceanic Islands 2:188-236
  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Hotta, M et al (1989). Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu(Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
  • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
  • Saxena, H. O. & Brahman, M. (1994). The Flora of Orissa (Ranunculaceae to Fabaceae)
  • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
  • Singh, A. N. (1993). In: Verma, D. M. & al. (Eds.) Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol. 1.
  • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
  • Tiwari, S. D. N. (1979). The phyto-geography of Legumes of Madhya Pradesh. Dehra Dun.
  • Uphof, J. C. Th. (1968). Dictionary of economic Plants. 2nd ed. Verlag von Cramer, Lehre
  • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images