Sarcodum scandens Lour.

First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 462 (1790)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. China to Indo-China, Central & S. Malesia. It is a climbing shrub and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Clark, R. (2008). Revision of the genus Sarcodum (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Millettieae). Kew Bulletin 63: 155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-007-9003-9

Type
Vietnam [‘Cochinchina’], vicinity of Hue, Loureiros.n. (holotype BM).
Morphology General Habit
Woody climber, stem longitudinally ridged, pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 17 – 45 foliolate, petioles 1 – 3 cm long, sericeous, rachis 8 – 15 cm long, sericeous, grooved along upper side
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets opposite, drying mottled green/brown, darker above, oblong, mucronate, 8 – 44 × 3 – 15 mm, sparsely sericeous above, sericeous below, midrib and veins slightly raised on upper surface, the secondary veins c. 5 per side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary racemes 2.5 – 10.5 cm long, 4.5 – 17.5 cm long including the peduncle; pedicels 4 – 12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles narrowly ovate to lanceolate with tip caudate to cuspidate, c. 9 × 1.5 mm, both surfaces sericeous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 3 mm long, upper lip with the two teeth connate for 95% of their length, lower lip with 3 triangular teeth, outer surface sericeous, inner surface glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Keel: petals boat-shaped, c. 13 × 4 mm, fused along c. 1/3 of length, glabrous Wing petals: blade boat-shaped, c. 13 × 3 mm, glabrous Standard blade broadly elliptic, 10 – 13 × 6 – 8 mm, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamensdiadelphous, 9 + 1; filaments c. 9 mm long, glabrous; anthers c. 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 8 mm long, glabrous; style c. 1.5 mm long; ovules 6 – 10 (– 11)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy, with endocarp forming thin walls between the seeds, drying dark outside, pale inside, c. 6.5 (– 9) × 1 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5 – 10 per fruit, ellipsoid, drying brown, c. 5 mm in diam.
Distribution
China, Vietnam, Sulawesi, Moluccas and the Philippines.
Ecology
Forest, and along stream-sides. Climbing on trees and bushes and in thickets.
Conservation
Least Concern (IUCN 2001). This status was determined according to Area of Occupancy (AOO) and Extent of Occurrence (EOO), using Arcview software (see Appendix 1). The species has a widespread distribution and appears to grow in a range of habitats.
[KBu]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing, Shrub
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Environmental
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0