Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton

First published in N.L.Britton & P.Wilson, Sci. Surv. Porto Rico & Virgin Islands 6: 538 (1930)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa to India. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Haiti, Leeward Is., Taiwan

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Burkill, H. M. (1995) . The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa: Vol. 3 Families J-L. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fagg, C. W. & Allison, G. E. (2004). Acacia senegal and the gum arabic trade. FRP (Forestry Research Programme). Oxford Forestry Institute, Department of Plant Sciences.
  • Guillemin, J. B. A. Icones Lithographicae Plantarum Australasiae Rariorum. Paris (Treuttel et Wurtz), London, Strasbourg.
  • Spicer, N., Barnes, R. & Timberlake, J. (2007). Acacia Handbook. DFID Forestry Research Programme, U.K.
  • Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. W., Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe. CBC Publishing, Harare.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae. Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India. Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • de Lourdes Rico-Acre, M. (2007). A checklist and synopsis of American species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae): 1-207. CONABIO, México D.F.

Flora of Somalia

  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 24, 2008 Crawford, F. [140], Namibia Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000450406 No
Apr 25, 1953 Marloth, R. [1257], South Africa Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000244369 Unknown type material Yes
Apr 25, 1953 Pole-Evans, I.B. [s.n.], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489517 No
Apr 25, 1953 Verdoorn, C. [2264], South Africa Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000244368 holotype Yes
Thompson, M.F. [1680], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489521 No
Thompson, M.F. [1703], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489523 No
Blair, A. [8], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489516 No
Smith, P.A. [2516], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489519 No
Smith, P.A. [2516], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489522 No
Terry, J. [208], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489520 No
Wild, H. [7223], Botswana Acacia senegal var. rostrata K000489518 No
Friis, I. [13754], Ethiopia Acacia senegal var. kerensis K001259656 No
Friis, I. [13697], Ethiopia Acacia senegal var. kerensis K001259655 No
Hornby, R.M. [140A], Tanzania Acacia senegal 13189.000 No
Heudolet [s.n.], Senegal Acacia senegal K000232655 Yes
Brunner [9], Senegal Acacia senegal K000232654 Yes
unknown [219], Senegal Acacia senegal K000232657 Yes
Vireck, M [s.n.], Senegal Acacia senegal K000232656 Yes
Beccari, O. [33], Senegal Acacia senegal K000232658 Yes
Schweinfurth [745], Eritrea Acacia senegal K000244172 Yes
Stocks, J.E. [502], India Acacia senegal K000791161 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], India Acacia senegal K000791160 Yes
Nov 9, 1973 Bally [B 7044], Eritrea Acacia oliveri K000244187 Yes
Nov 9, 1973 Bally [B 7044], Eritrea Acacia oliveri K000244188 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/