Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Senna Mill.

Senna sophera (L.) Roxb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses and social uses, as a medicine and for food.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb, subshrub or shrub.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2130 m.
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or shrublet, 0.5–2(–3) m high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 10–25 cm long, with a sessile clavate or cylindrical, often somewhat pointed, gland near base of petiole; leaflets 4–10 pairs, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 2–7 x 0.8–2(–2.5) cm, acute, glabrous except for ciliolate margins and sometimes a few scattered glands beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes from upper axils, very short, almost umbellate; peduncles 8–25 mm long; bracts ± obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, obovate, 1–1.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
3 large, 4 medium-sized, 3 small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear, usually straight, 5–10.4 x 0.6–1.1 cm, not or tardily dehiscent, subglabrous, septate within
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, transversely arranged, grey-brown, ovate-circular, compressed, 4–4.5 x 3.5–4.5 mm, almost smooth and with an elliptic areole on each face.
Distribution
S1 pantropical, occurring especially in Asia, rare in East Africa.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2130 m.; Andes, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto, arbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 0–2130 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda.
Habit
Herb, Shrub, Subshrub.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; anthropic habitats., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; anthropic landscapes.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub
Vernacular
Banar, Bas-ki-kasunda, Brusca, Chakwar, Kasaunda, Kasondi Senna, Kasundari, Pepper-leaved Senna, Ponaverai, Sene Zombi, Takarai, Uru-tora

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
ahitera, alcaparro, bicho, café de pobres, chilinchile

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Insufficiently known
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub
Vernacular
Kasodi, Pepper-leaved Senna, Purple Senna

[FWTA]

Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A weak shrub, 3–5 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Yellow flowers in short racemes or fascicles
Note
Introduced and found mainly in villages and farmlands Very close to the next species (Cassia occidentalis).

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub up to 2(–3) m. high.
Morphology Stem
Stems subglabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to ± 25 cm. long, often considerably shorter; petioles shortly above base with a sessile clavate or cylindrical often somewhat pointed gland; rhachis eglandular. Leaflets in 4–10(–12, fide De Wit) pairs, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 2–7(–9, fide De Wit) cm. long, 0.8–2(–2.5) cm. wide, acute or acuminate in the Flora area, elsewhere often obtuse, glabrous except for ciliolate margins and sometimes for a very few inconspicuous scattered glands beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes from upper axils, very short, almost umbellate; peduncles 0.8–2.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts obtuse to subacute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals thinly pubescent or puberulous outside (in the Flora area, elsewhere sometimes glabrous).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, obovate, 1–1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens similar to those of C. occidentalis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod turgid or subcylindrical, straight or very slightly curved upwards, linear, 5–10.4 cm. long, 0.6–1.1 cm. wide, not or tardily dehiscent, brown, glabrous or nearly so, septate, many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± compressed, lying at right angles to the long axis of the pod, grey-brown, ovate to suborbicular, 4–4.5 × 3.5–4.5 mm.; testa almost smooth, with an elliptic areole ± 2–2.5 × 1–1.5 mm. on each face.
Habitat
Uncertain, presumably occurring at low altitudes; Graham in F.H. 2282 in “cultivated lands”, probably as a weed
Distribution
K7 T6 country of origin doubtfulpantropical, occurring especially in Asia, rarer in America and Africain the latter continent frequent in West Africa, rare in East Africa, occurring in Somali Republic as well as the Flora area, but probably always alien.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Medicine, Weed

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental

Native to:

Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Netherlands Antilles, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Brazil Northeast, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Honduras, India, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Maldives, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre

Senna sophera (L.) Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2007 Barthelat, F. [1329], Mayotte K000564925
Sep 18, 2002 Akoegninou A. et al. [2007], Benin K000117637
Sep 18, 2002 Sokpon N. et al. [1037], Benin K000117645
Nov 1, 1997 unknown [24], Ghana K000417515
Jul 1, 1997 Thomas, D.W. [2196], Cameroon K000092596
Jan 1, 1980 Wiggins, Ira L. [18396], Ecuador K000556396
Jun 20, 1880 Wiggins, Ira L. [18396], Ecuador K000556396
unknown [211], Guinea K000417514
Jeffrey, C. [393], Seychelles Cassia sophera 22910.000
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.], Sri Lanka Cassia sophera K000789196
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120534
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120531
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5317], Nepal Cassia sophera K001120539
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120546
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120545
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5317], Malaysia Cassia sophera K001120541
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.] Cassia sophera K000789197
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120544
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120537
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120530
s.coll. [5317] Cassia sophera K000789194
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120535
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120529
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317], India Cassia sophera K001120533
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120536
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120543
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120542
Wight, C. [5317] Cassia sophera K000789193
Dubois, D. du [s.n.], Maharashtra Cassia sophera K000789195
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5317], Nepal Cassia sophera K001120540
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317] Cassia sophera K001120538
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5317], India Cassia sophera K001120532

First published in Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 2: 347 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Barua, K.N. & Khatry, P.K. (2009). Alien forest weeds in upper Brahmaputra valler and hill zones of Assam Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 414-422.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Patzelt, A. & al. (2020). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXIV. Sixty new records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 413-437.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

Literature

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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

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  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Barua, K.N. & Khatry, P.K. (2009). Alien forest weeds in upper Brahmaputra valler and hill zones of Assam Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 414-422.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
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  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
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  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
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  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
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  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

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  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
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  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0