Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Senna Mill.

Senna tora (L.) Roxb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central America. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

[UPFC]
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Bicho, Brusca macho, Brusca negra, Chilinchile, Comida de murciélago, Potra

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Casse Puante Petit Espece, Casse Puante Petite Espece, Chakavat, Chakunda, Chakwar, Foetid Cassia, Kassiya Tora, Panevar, Pawad, Pawar, Peti-Tora, Senna Tora, Sickle Senna, Thal-ka-rdo-rdze, Tsimatihariva, Vaddutatakarai, Velonkariva

[FWTA]

Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An undershrub, 3–10 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Yellow flowers in pairs or singly.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Weed

Native to:

Belize, El Salvador

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Inner Mongolia, Jawa, Korea, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Ukraine, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zaïre

Senna tora (L.) Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 1, 1988 Thomas, S.M. [12/2], Peru K000967412 No
Feb 1, 1988 Thomas, S.M. [10/1], Peru K000967413 No
Haines, H.H. [4692], Pakistan Cassia tora K000789189 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120524 Yes
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.] Cassia tora K000789190 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5316], Myanmar Cassia tora K001120523 Yes
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.] Cassia tora K000789192 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316], India Cassia tora K001120526 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120519 Yes
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.] Cassia tora K000789191 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120525 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120528 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120520 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120527 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5316] Cassia tora K001120521 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5316], Myanmar Cassia tora K001120522 Yes

First published in Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 2: 340 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barua, K.N. & Khatry, P.K. (2009). Alien forest weeds in upper Brahmaputra valler and hill zones of Assam. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 414-422.
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  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America. Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • ILDIS (2010-continuously updated). ILDIS - International Legume Database & Information Service http://www.ildis.org/.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations. Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a check-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India. Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga. Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yan, X.L. & Ma, J.S. (2011). Nomenclatural notes on alien invasive vascular plants in China. Plant Diversity and Resources 33: 132-142.

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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0