Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.

First published in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 127 (1806)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Malesia to New Guinea. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food and a medicine and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean. Elevation range: 0–1500 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Arauca, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, San Andrés y Providencia, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Small tree, Tree.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A small tree or shrub
Morphology Branches
Rather stout branchlets pubescent when young
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very large, few, pink or red or cream-white.
[FWTA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-rhachis 15–30 cm long including a petiole of c. 1 cm; leaflets 20–50, linear-oblong, 25–40 x 6–14 mm, sparsely appressed pubescent on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 2–4-flowered, rhachis up to 5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 2 cm long, subtruncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla up to 8 cm long, white, yellowish, greenish or red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filament-sheath 35–60 mm long, curved for most of its length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 20–55 x 0.6–0.9 cm with broad sutures, 15–50-seeded.
Distribution
Grown at least in N1, S2 and S3 probably a native of Indonesia.
Note
The red-flowered form has been called var. coccinea (L. f.) Bak. ex Chiov. Moggi & Bavazzano 282.
[FSOM]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Aagasti, Agathi, Agati, Agati A Grandes Fleurs, Agati-keerai, Akatti, Baby Boots, Baculo, Bak, Basna, Brede Malabar, Brede Morongue, Brede Morongue Gros, Christmas Bells, Cresta De Gallo, Gallito, Hatiya, Katura Murunga, Ofai, Ouai, Oufai, Picashia, Pois
[ILDIS]

Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous, stipitate; style glabrous, flattened, terminating in a slightly lobed stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, 6.5 × 5 mm, 2.5–3 mm thick, subreniform, the hilum in a small pit. Seeds dark brown, 6.5 × 5 mm, 2.5–3 mm thick, subreniform, the hilum in a small pit.
Distribution
A native of parts of Asia but cultivated in many parts of the world both as an ornamental and for forage, firewood, pulp and paper, food and green manure.
Ecology
It appears to be a recent introduction to the Flora Zambesiaca area and is only known from the Chapman Malawi collection.
Morphology General Habit
A fast-growing tree to 7 m tall. A fast-growing tree to 7 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems tomentose, unarmed. Stems tomentose, unarmed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 30 cm long; rachis slightly pubescent or glabrous; petioles 0.7–1.5 cm long; leaflets in 15–21 pairs, opposite to alternate on the same leaf, 1.2–4.4 cm long (including a petiolule of c.2 mm), 0.5–1.5 cm wide, oblong to oblong-elliptic, rounded to obtuse to slightly emarginate at the apex, slightly asymmetrical at the base, glabrous or with small scattered, appressed hairs on both surfaces (just visible with a ×10 lens); stipels 0.75–1 mm long, filiform, pubescent, persistent; stipules 8 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous. Leaves up to 30 cm long; rachis slightly pubescent or glabrous; petioles 0.7–1.5 cm long; leaflets in 15–21 pairs, opposite to alternate on the same leaf, 1.2–4.4 cm long (including a petiolule of c.2 mm), 0.5–1.5 cm wide, oblong to oblong-elliptic, rounded to obtuse to slightly emarginate at the apex, slightly asymmetrical at the base, glabrous or with small scattered, appressed hairs on both surfaces (just visible with a ×10 lens); stipels 0.75–1 mm long, filiform, pubescent, persistent; stipules 8 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Raceme axillary, 2–6.5 cm long, 2–3-flowered; peduncle 1.5–3.5 cm long, tomentose; pedicels 1.5–1.8 cm long, pubescent; bracts 3–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 4–6 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous. Raceme axillary, 2–6.5 cm long, 2–3-flowered; peduncle 1.5–3.5 cm long, tomentose; pedicels 1.5–1.8 cm long, pubescent; bracts 3–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 4–6 mm long, broadly lanceolate, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.5–2.2 × l.6–2 cm, ± two-lipped with a rather indeterminate margin due to the mode of splitting as the bud develops, abscising together with the nectarial region as the fruit develops but tending to persist around the stipe of the pod, the lips broadly rounded and terminating in slightly pubescent subulate tips. Calyx 1.5–2.2 × l.6–2 cm, ± two-lipped with a rather indeterminate margin due to the mode of splitting as the bud develops, abscising together with the nectarial region as the fruit develops but tending to persist around the stipe of the pod, the lips broadly rounded and terminating in slightly pubescent subulate tips.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, flesh-pink or crimson. Flowers white, flesh-pink or crimson.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard up to 10.5 × 6 cm, the claw without appendages; wings up to 10.5 × 3 cm, without a basal tooth and petal sculpturing; keel up to 10.5 × 4.5 cm with a basal, broadly triangular tooth. Standard up to 10.5 × 6 cm, the claw without appendages; wings up to 10.5 × 3 cm, without a basal tooth and petal sculpturing; keel up to 10.5 × 4.5 cm with a basal, broadly triangular tooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers up to 6 times as long as wide. Anthers up to 6 times as long as wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous, stipitate; style glabrous, flattened, terminating in a slightly lobed stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod up to 52.5 cm × 8 mm, linear to slightly falcate, occasionally slightly torulose, stipitate, apex long-acuminate, glabrous, up to c.50-seeded; septa 7.5–10 mm apart; lower suture angled, wider than the rounded upper suture; valve surface rather warty with prominent raised venation. Pod up to 52.5 cm × 8 mm, linear to slightly falcate, occasionally slightly torulose, stipitate, apex long-acuminate, glabrous, up to c.50-seeded; septa 7.5–10 mm apart; lower suture angled, wider than the rounded upper suture; valve surface rather warty with prominent raised venation.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbolito, árbol
[CPLC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cantagallo blanco, gallito, pirigallo
[UNAL]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Morphology General Habit
It has short, 2-flowered racemes, curved buds, and large white to red flowers 7–8 cm long. A small tree probably native either to India or Australia, is sometimes cultivated for ornament; it is locally called picashia or Spanish Armada
Distribution
Grand Cayman
[Cayman]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Use
Cultivated for ornamental use
[FSOM]

Use
Chemical products, Environmental, Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Wood
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0