Sophora inhambanensis Klotzsch

First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(Bot., 1): 26 (1861)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; mangrove., Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone;mangrove and coastal vegetation.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–2 m. high.
Morphology Branches
Young branches, leaves, inflorescences and calyces densely whitish to silvery or golden pubescent, the calyces and both surfaces of the leaflets strongly sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole and rhachis together 7–12(–16) cm. long and with (3–)5–7(–8) pairs of leaflets; lateral leaflets elliptic to obovate or oblanceolate, 1.8–4(–5) cm. long, 0.7–l.5(–2) cm. wide, cuneate and slightly asymmetrical at the base, obtuse to subacute at the apex; terminal leaflet 1.5–2 times as long as the lateral ones, cuneate and equal-sided at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers many in terminal racemes up to 25 cm. long; bracts narrowly triangular to linear, up to 14 mm. long, often persistent, sometimes fused with the base of the pedicel; pedicels 5–12 mm. long; bracteoles apparently absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 4–6 mm. long, with 5 shallow teeth up to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow; standard 17–22 mm. long, 15–18 mm. wide, the limb suborbicular, cordate, the claw ± distinct; wings and keel-petals slightly shorter than the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary densely appressed pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits developing 1–3(–5) seeds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, 8–9 mm. long, brownish.
Figures
Fig. 8, p. 45.
Habitat
Sandy foreshores
Distribution
K7 T3 T6
[FTEA]

Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by R.K. Brummitt

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–2 m high. Shrub 1–2 m high.
Morphology General Indumentum
Young branches, leaves, inflorescences and calyces densely whitish to silvery or golden pubescent, the calyces and both surfaces of the leaflets strongly sericeous. Young branches, leaves, inflorescences and calyces densely whitish to silvery or golden pubescent, the calyces and both surfaces of the leaflets strongly sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (rachis and petiole) 7–12(16) cm long, with (3)5–7(8) pairs of leaflets; lateral leaflets 1.8–4(5) × 0.7–1.5(2) cm, elliptic to obovate or oblanceolate, cuneate and slightly asymmetrical at the base, obtuse to subacute at the apex; terminal leaflet 1.5–2 times as long as the lateral ones, cuneate and equal at the base. Leaves (rachis and petiole) 7–12(16) cm long, with (3)5–7(8) pairs of leaflets; lateral leaflets 1.8–4(5) × 0.7–1.5(2) cm, elliptic to obovate or oblanceolate, cuneate and slightly asymmetrical at the base, obtuse to subacute at the apex; terminal leaflet 1.5–2 times as long as the lateral ones, cuneate and equal at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal many-flowered racemes up to 25 cm long; bracts up to 14 mm long, narrowly triangular to linear, often persistent, sometimes fused with base of pedicel; pedicels 5–12 mm long; bracteoles apparently absent. Flowers in terminal many-flowered racemes up to 25 cm long; bracts up to 14 mm long, narrowly triangular to linear, often persistent, sometimes fused with base of pedicel; pedicels 5–12 mm long; bracteoles apparently absent.
Distribution
Also in Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) and on the W coast of Madagascar.
Ecology
Apparently occupying the same ecological position on sandy foreshores as S. tomentosa; 0–20 m.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–6 mm long, campanulate, with 5 shallow teeth up to 1 mm long. Calyx 4–6 mm long, campanulate, with 5 shallow teeth up to 1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow; standard 17–22 × 15–18 mm, the limb suborbicular, cordate, the claw ± distinct; wings and keel petals slightly shorter than the standard. Petals yellow; standard 17–22 × 15–18 mm, the limb suborbicular, cordate, the claw ± distinct; wings and keel petals slightly shorter than the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary densely appressed-pubescent. Ovary densely appressed-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods moniliform, with 1–3(5) seeds developing. Pods moniliform, with 1–3(5) seeds developing.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 8–9 mm long, subglobose, brownish. Seeds 8–9 mm long, subglobose, brownish.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0