Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Sophora L.

Sophora velutina Lindl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Philippines.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by R.K. Brummitt

Morphology Leaves
Leaves (rachis and petiole) 6–20 cm long, with 6–13 pairs of leaflets; largest lateral leaflets on each leaf 1.2–4(6) × 0.6–1.7(2) cm, ovate to elliptic or rarely slightly obovate, usually very slightly asymmetrical at the base, the terminal leaflet from slightly smaller to slightly larger than the lateral ones and symmetrical, leaflet margins often inrolled beneath. Leaves (rachis and petiole) 6–20 cm long, with 6–13 pairs of leaflets; largest lateral leaflets on each leaf 1.2–4(6) × 0.6–1.7(2) cm, ovate to elliptic or rarely slightly obovate, usually very slightly asymmetrical at the base, the terminal leaflet from slightly smaller to slightly larger than the lateral ones and symmetrical, leaflet margins often inrolled beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals purple, pink or whitish; standard 9–15 × 3–6 mm, gradually narrowed towards the base but sometimes with 2 lateral cusps demarcating the base of the limb; wings ± equalling the standard; keel petals slightly shorter than the standard. Petals purple, pink or whitish; standard 9–15 × 3–6 mm, gradually narrowed towards the base but sometimes with 2 lateral cusps demarcating the base of the limb; wings ± equalling the standard; keel petals slightly shorter than the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ± densely pubescent. Ovary ± densely pubescent.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–3 m high. Shrub 1–3 m high.
Morphology General Indumentum
Young branches, leaf petioles and rachides, inflorescence and calyces subglabrous to densely whitish or brownish pubescent or tomentose; lower surface of leaflets sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, upper surface glabrous or appressed-pubescent. Young pods either sparsely to densely closely appressed-pubescent or densely tomentose; mature pods moniliform, with 1–4(6) seeds developed. Young branches, leaf petioles and rachides, inflorescence and calyces subglabrous to densely whitish or brownish pubescent or tomentose; lower surface of leaflets sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, upper surface glabrous or appressed-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal few- to many-flowered racemes up to 14(20) cm long; bracts 3–16 mm long, linear, caducous or persistent; pedicels 3–7 mm long; bracteoles apparently absent. Flowers in terminal few- to many-flowered racemes up to 14(20) cm long; bracts 3–16 mm long, linear, caducous or persistent; pedicels 3–7 mm long; bracteoles apparently absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 5–9 mm long including the prominent teeth c.2 mm long, the two upper teeth pointed or rounded, slightly to almost completely connate. Calyx campanulate, 5–9 mm long including the prominent teeth c.2 mm long, the two upper teeth pointed or rounded, slightly to almost completely connate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Young pods either sparsely to densely closely appressed-pubescent or densely tomentose; mature pods moniliform, with 1–4(6) seeds developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c.8 mm long, ellipsoid, tumid, light brown. Seeds c.8 mm long, ellipsoid, tumid, light brown.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian woodland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub

[ILDIS]
Use
Domestic

Native to:

China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Zimbabwe

Sophora velutina Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Hianes, H.H. [4709], Bihar K000759730 Unknown type material Yes
Clarke, C.B. [34721], India K000759732 Unknown type material Yes
Clarke, C.B. [34772], India K000759731 Unknown type material Yes
Hianes, H.H. [4709], Bihar K000759729 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Bot. Reg. 14: t. 1185 (1828)

Accepted by

  • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Bot. Reg. 14: t.485 (1828).
  • —Brummitt & Gillett in Kirkia 5: 261 (1966).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Brummitt, R. K. & Gillett, J. B. (1966). Kirkia 5:259-70. Notes on the genus Sophora in Africa.....
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
  • Niyomdham, (1980). [Sophoreae]

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0