Sophora velutina Lindl.

First published in Bot. Reg. 14: t. 1185 (1828)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Zimbabwe, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Philippines. It is a shrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by R.K. Brummitt

Morphology Leaves
Leaves (rachis and petiole) 6–20 cm long, with 6–13 pairs of leaflets; largest lateral leaflets on each leaf 1.2–4(6) × 0.6–1.7(2) cm, ovate to elliptic or rarely slightly obovate, usually very slightly asymmetrical at the base, the terminal leaflet from slightly smaller to slightly larger than the lateral ones and symmetrical, leaflet margins often inrolled beneath. Leaves (rachis and petiole) 6–20 cm long, with 6–13 pairs of leaflets; largest lateral leaflets on each leaf 1.2–4(6) × 0.6–1.7(2) cm, ovate to elliptic or rarely slightly obovate, usually very slightly asymmetrical at the base, the terminal leaflet from slightly smaller to slightly larger than the lateral ones and symmetrical, leaflet margins often inrolled beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals purple, pink or whitish; standard 9–15 × 3–6 mm, gradually narrowed towards the base but sometimes with 2 lateral cusps demarcating the base of the limb; wings ± equalling the standard; keel petals slightly shorter than the standard. Petals purple, pink or whitish; standard 9–15 × 3–6 mm, gradually narrowed towards the base but sometimes with 2 lateral cusps demarcating the base of the limb; wings ± equalling the standard; keel petals slightly shorter than the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ± densely pubescent. Ovary ± densely pubescent.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–3 m high. Shrub 1–3 m high.
Morphology General Indumentum
Young branches, leaf petioles and rachides, inflorescence and calyces subglabrous to densely whitish or brownish pubescent or tomentose; lower surface of leaflets sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, upper surface glabrous or appressed-pubescent. Young pods either sparsely to densely closely appressed-pubescent or densely tomentose; mature pods moniliform, with 1–4(6) seeds developed. Young branches, leaf petioles and rachides, inflorescence and calyces subglabrous to densely whitish or brownish pubescent or tomentose; lower surface of leaflets sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, upper surface glabrous or appressed-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal few- to many-flowered racemes up to 14(20) cm long; bracts 3–16 mm long, linear, caducous or persistent; pedicels 3–7 mm long; bracteoles apparently absent. Flowers in terminal few- to many-flowered racemes up to 14(20) cm long; bracts 3–16 mm long, linear, caducous or persistent; pedicels 3–7 mm long; bracteoles apparently absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 5–9 mm long including the prominent teeth c.2 mm long, the two upper teeth pointed or rounded, slightly to almost completely connate. Calyx campanulate, 5–9 mm long including the prominent teeth c.2 mm long, the two upper teeth pointed or rounded, slightly to almost completely connate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Young pods either sparsely to densely closely appressed-pubescent or densely tomentose; mature pods moniliform, with 1–4(6) seeds developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c.8 mm long, ellipsoid, tumid, light brown. Seeds c.8 mm long, ellipsoid, tumid, light brown.
[FZ]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian woodland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Domestic
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0