Swartzia simplex (Sw.) Spreng.

First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 16. 2: 567 (1825)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Mexico to Tropical America. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Jamaica

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index.. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama. Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Torke, B.M. & Mansano, V.F. (2021). Personal communication on Fabaceae, Swartzieae. 1.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama. Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Listado de especies de Productos No Maderables del caribe colombiano. 366 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Espitia Palencia, L. (Proveedor del metadatos). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2009 Prance, G.T.; Rodrigues, W.A.; Ramos, J.F.; Farias, L.G. [8974] Brazil K000877859 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Prance, G.T.; Forero, E.; Wrigley, B.L.; Ramos, J.F.; Farias, L.G. [5907] Brazil K000877850 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Harris, W. [9279] Jamaica K000500913 Type Yes
Dec 22, 1988 n/a K001474576 Yes
Oct 1, 1981 Rylands, A. [181980] Brazil K000188647 Yes
Oct 1, 1981 Rylands, A. [181980] Brazil K000188646 Yes
Jan 1, 1963 Spruce [s.n.] Brazil K000877857 Yes
Jan 1, 1963 Ferreira, A.R. [664] Brazil K000877856 Yes
Jan 1, 1963 Spruce, R. [4912] Peru K000111290 Yes
Martinelli, G.; Rodriguez, P.A.; Fontoura, T.; Costa, A.; Caruso, J. [11640] Brazil K000877848 Yes
Mikan [s.n.] Brazil K000877847 Yes
Spruce, R. [4912] Peru K000111293 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5193] Brazil K000877858 Yes
Lima, H.C., de; Sá, C.F.C.; Hatton, J. [2176] Brazil K000877855 Yes
Jardim, J.G.; Sant'Ana, S.C.; Leandro, J.A. [3066] Brazil K000877849 Yes
Mattos Silva, L.A.; Hage, J.L.; Brito, H.S. [1146] Brazil K000188643 Yes
Martinelli, G. [11640] Brazil K000877851 Yes
Peru K000111284 Yes
Peru K000111285 Yes
Peru K000111286 Yes
Peru K000111287 Yes
n/a K000111288 Yes
Peru K000111294 Yes
Peru K000111295 Yes
Peru K000111296 Yes
Peru K000111304 Yes
Ecuador K001474558 Yes
Ecuador K001474559 Yes
Ecuador K001474560 Yes
Peru K001474561 Yes
Peru K001474562 Yes
Peru K001474563 Yes
Peru K001474564 Yes
Peru K001474565 Yes
Peru K001474566 Yes
Peru K001474567 Yes
n/a K001474568 Yes
n/a K001474569 Yes
n/a K001474570 Yes
n/a K001474571 Yes
n/a K001474572 Yes
n/a K001474573 Yes
n/a K001474574 Yes
n/a K001474575 Yes
n/a K001474577 Yes
Peru K001474578 Yes
n/a K001474579 Yes
n/a K001474580 Yes
n/a K001474581 Yes
n/a K001474582 Yes
n/a K001474583 Yes
n/a K001474584 Yes
n/a K001474585 Yes
n/a K001474586 Yes
n/a K001474587 Yes
n/a K001474588 Yes
n/a K001474589 Yes
n/a K001474590 Yes
Taboga Is, Panama K001474591 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474593 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474594 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474595 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474596 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474597 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474598 Yes
Colombia, Panama K001474599 Yes
Panama K001474600 Yes
Panama K001474601 Yes
Panama K001474602 Yes
Panama K001474603 Yes
Panama K001474604 Yes
Panama K001474605 Yes
Panama K001474606 Yes
Panama K001474607 Yes
Panama K001474608 Yes
Panama K001474609 Yes
Ecuador K001474610 Yes
Ecuador K001474611 Yes
Colombia K001474612 Yes
Colombia K001474613 Yes
Peru K001474614 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Soto, T. [001] Peru Swartzia simplex var. continentalis K000111304 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Palmer, E. [542] Mexico Swartzia simplex var. continentalis K000500918 Syntype Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Donnell Smith, J. [1329] Guatemala Swartzia simplex var. continentalis K000500919 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Palmer, E. [1005] Mexico Swartzia simplex var. continentalis K000500917 Syntype Yes
Jan 1, 2000 Torke, B.M.; Carvalho, A.M.; Jardim, J.; Sant'Ana, S.C. [153] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188679 Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Amorim, A.M.; Fontoura, T.; Baumgartem, J.; Martini, A. [2015] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188652 Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Thomas, W.W.; Carvalho, A.; Amorim, A.; Jardim, J.; Sant'Ana, S.; Paixao, J.L. [11327] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188651 Yes
May 1, 1995 Amorim, A.M.; Sant'Ana, S.C.; Jardim, J.G.; Santos, E.B.; Hage, J.L. [1143] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188644 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Amorim, A.M.; Sant'Ana, S.C.; Jardim, J.G.; Santos, E.B.; Hage, J.L. [1143] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188653 Yes
Nov 1, 1990 Mattos Silva, L.A.; Hage, J.L.; Santos, E.B. [2539] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188657 Yes
Nov 1, 1990 Mattos Silva, L.A.; Rodriguez, P.A.; Chautems, A.P. [2129] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188658 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 Carvalho, A.M.; Gatti, J. [794] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188655 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Mattos Silva, L.A.; Santos, T.S.; Ribeiro, A.J. [442] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188656 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Duarte, A.P. [6011] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188648 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Duarte, A.P. [6011] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188649 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A.; Mattos Silva, L.A.; Santos, T.S. [10751] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188662 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A.; Santos, T.S.; Thompson, C.B. [11151] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188659 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A.; Mattos Silva, L.A.; Kallunki, J.A.; Santos, T.S.; Santos, A.V.P. [9633] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188654 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A.; Santos, T.S.; Thompson, C.B. [10826] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188661 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A.; Santos, T.S. [11778] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188660 Yes
Dec 1, 1978 Pinheiro, R.S. [131] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000188650 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [10632] Mexico Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000118970 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [15951] Mexico Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000118969 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [16230] Mexico Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000118968 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [10222] Mexico Swartzia simplex var. ochnacea K000118967 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Pereira, E. [4223] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. grandiflora K000877854 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. grandiflora K000877852 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Mexia, Y.E.J. [4912] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. grandiflora K000877853 Yes
Blanchet, J.S. [3956] Brazil Swartzia simplex var. grandiflora K000188645 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0