Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid.

First published in Linnaea 13: 392 (1839)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Cosmopolitan. It is a hydroannual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine.

Distribution

Native to:

Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Central African Republic, Central American Pacific Is., Central European Russia, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russia, Northern Territory, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Palestine, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

Kew's Tree of Life Explorer

Discover the flowering plant tree of life and the genomic data used to build it.

View the Tree of Life
PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Boborov, A.A. & al. (2014). Notes on aquatic and semiaquatic vascular plants of Kamchatka. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 1025-1043.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Ekşi, G., Güner, I. & Çimen, A.Ö. (eds.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Türkiye) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit. Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Haigh, A. & Boyce, P.C. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 12(1): 1-54. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Lejoly, J., Ndjele, L. & Geerinck, D. (2008). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 24: 1-37.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Nikolin, E.G. (2020). Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii: 1-895. Moskva : Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK Novosibirsk "Nauka".
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Powell, A.M. & Worthington, R.D. (2018). Flowering plants of Trans-Pecos Texas and adjacent areas: 1-1444. BRIT Press.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Timukhin, I.N. (2008). New records of vascular plants from western Caucasus. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 93: 789-791.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zhao, Y.Z., Zhao, L.Q. & Rui, C. (eds.) (2019). Flora Intramongolica, edition 3, 6: 1-619. Typis Intramongolicae popularis, Huhhot.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2018). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 9. Willdenowia 48: 195-220.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Jumelle in Fl. Madag. 32: 3 (1937)
  • Lawalrée in Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 77: 27 (1945)
  • Maheshwari in Nature 181: 1745 (1958).
  • in Linnaea 13: 392 (1839)

CATE Araceae

  • Landolt, E. 1986. The family of Lemnaceae - a monographic study, 1. Veröff. Geobot. Isnt. ETH (Stift. Rübel). 71: 1-563

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Haigh, A. & Boyce, P.C. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 12(1): 1-54. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Lejoly, J., Ndjele, L. & Geerinck, D. (2008). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 24: 1-37.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Powell, A.M. & Worthington, R.D. (2018). Flowering plants of Trans-Pecos Texas and adjacent areas: 1-1444. BRIT Press.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zhao, Y.Z., Zhao, L.Q. & Rui, C. (eds.) (2019). Flora Intramongolica, edition 3, 6: 1-619. Typis Intramongolicae popularis, Huhhot.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2018). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 9. Willdenowia 48: 195-220.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2023-continuously updated). Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://www.europlusmed.org/.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Daubs, Monogr. Lemnac.: 10, t. 3 (1965).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 422 (1895).
  • Hegelm., Lemnac. Monogr.: 73, 151, t. 13/10–16, t. 14, 15 (1868).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 129, fig. 361/B (1968).
  • Jumelle in Fl. Madag. 32: 3 (1937).
  • Lawalrée in Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique 77: 27 (1945).
  • Maheskwari in Nature 181: 1745 (1958).
  • Schleid. in Linnaea 13: 392 (1839).
  • Troupin in Expl. Parc Nat. Garamba 1: 154 (1956).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1979 Davis; Hedge [D.32741a] Turkey K002467453 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Meyer, F.G. [8782] Ethiopia K000499421 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 s.coll. [s.n. [a]] Afghanistan K002467449 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Steinitz [s.n.] Hungary K001790207 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Whellan, J. A. [25777] Zimbabwe K001623031 No
Jan 1, 1979 Dörfler [s.n.] Slovakia K002467430 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Simpson, N.D. [3962a] Egypt K002467451 Yes
[F. Fettweis] [s.n.] Germany K002467419 Yes
Smith, L.B.; Harris, S.K. [s.n.] United States K002467584 Yes
[D. P. M. Guile] [0119] Hong Kong K002467460 Yes
Gillett, J.B.; Kibuwa, S.P. [19956] Kenya K002467536 Yes
Mann, R.J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467407 Yes
Worsdell, W.C. [727/2] United Kingdom K002467384 Yes
{Hepper, F.N.; G. de Silva} [4712] Sri Lanka K002467480 Yes
Pope, G.; Müller, T. [1225] Mozambique K002467554 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467398 Yes
Nyárády, E.J. [s.n.] Romania K002467434 Yes
Komarov, V.L. [2924] Russia K002467456 Yes
Burger, W. [2565] Ethiopia K002467535 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4794] Sri Lanka K:SPC-33566.000 No
Must, J. [1151] Australia K002467510 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K001732296 Yes
Luke, P.A.; Wrq; Beentje, H.J.; Smith, S.; Muasya, A.; Powys, A. [7104] Kenya K002467543 Yes
[Thames summer] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467394 Yes
Baldwin, W.K.W.; Breitung, A.J. [4022] Canada K002467574 Yes
Broadbent, J.A. [12] Nigeria K:SPC-06049.103 No
McFarlane, M. [1] Nigeria K002467521 Yes
Smith, L.B.; Harris, S.K. [s.n.] United States K002467581 Yes
Mason, H.L. [14630] United States K002467583 Yes
Loher, A. [1[4]70] Philippines K002467505 Yes
Balgooy, V.; Byrnes [1413] Australia K002467509 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.] K002467595 Yes
Hepper, F.N.; de Silva, G. [4712] Sri Lanka K:SPC-33567.000 No
[See notes] [s.n. [a]] K002467457 Yes
Stevens, G.W. [680] United States K002467576 Yes
Giraldi, G. [s.n.] China K002467463 Yes
{Hepper, F.N.; G. de Silva} [4742] Sri Lanka K002467482 Yes
Macoun, M.A. [1[4]30] Canada K002467569 Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. Zambia K:SPC-24318.000 No
Collett, R. [s.n.] K002467446 Yes
Lorentz, P. [182] K002467605 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [s.n.] K002467439 Yes
Strömman, I.; Stalin, A. [s.n.] Sweden K002467427 Yes
Pope, G.; Müller, T.; Drummond, R.B. [1225] Mozambique K002467553 Yes
Pesola, V. [s.n.] Finland K002467425 Yes
Almquist [s.n.] K002467431 Yes
Schlumberger, H. [H.2349] France K002467438 Yes
Stewart, R.R. [3337] India K002467474 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] India K001732305 Yes
Summerhayes, V.S. [1306] United Kingdom K:SPC-24321.000 No
Astle, W.L. [5777] Zambia K002467549 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.] Indonesia K002467499 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [11417] Kenya K:SPC-33963.000 No
Kjellberg, G. [s.n.] Sweden K002467426 Yes
Macoun, J. [s.n.] Canada K002467572 Yes
Boulos, L.; Mashaly, I. [s.n.] Egypt K002467452 Yes
Hall, J.B. [2489] Ghana K002467520 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [33634] India K001732306 Yes
Curtiss, A.H. [4544] United States K002467570 Yes
Melville, R. United Kingdom K:SPC-24319.000 No
Kerner [s.n.] K002467433 Yes
Fumarins [305] United Kingdom K002467405 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002467418 Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [3033] United Kingdom K002467410 Yes
H. M. Richards, H.M. (Mrs.) [21618] Tanzania K002467540 Yes
Loher, A. [7049] Philippines K002467503 Yes
Leonard, J. [3669] Chad K:SPC-29962.000 No
Edgeworth [9012] India K002467487 Yes
[E. H. S.] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467393 Yes
[Dr. Leemarnard] [167] K002467587 Yes
Ward, C.J. [8511] South Africa K002467559 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002467421 Yes
Brewer, W.H. [2190] United States K002467571 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002467420 Yes
[See notes] [s.n. [b]] K001790217 Yes
Barter, C. [583] Nigeria K002467524 Yes
Rostan, E. [s.n.] K002467417 Yes
Meyer, F.G. [8782] Ethiopia K002467534 Yes
Brummitt, R.K. [11780] Malawi K002467550 Yes
Fernald, M.L.; Griscom, L.; Long, B.H. [4598] United States K002467580 Yes
McFarlane, M.G. [s.n.] Nigeria K002467523 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Ireland K002467411 Yes
Krawiec, F. [s.n.] Poland K002467436 Yes
Smith, P.A. [1061] Botswana K002467547 Yes
Jávorka, S. [s.n.] Hungary K002467429 Yes
Mutimushi, J.M. [JMM1675] Zambia K002467548 Yes
s.coll. [2128] Burundi K002467526 Yes
Lott, E.J.; Philips, B.L.; Vazquez V, L.; García Ruiz, I. [2969] K002467585 Yes
Hall, J.B. [GC43105] Ghana K002467518 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [7049] Tanzania K:SPC-33966.000 No
[Ditchey, Thames] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467401 Yes
Conklin, H.C.; Buwaya [78627] Philippines K002467502 Yes
Walker, E.H.; Tawada, S.; Amano, T. [6012 b] Japan K001790208 Yes
Walker, E.H.; Tawada, S.; Amano, T. [6012 b] Japan K001790210 Yes
Walker, E.H.; Tawada, S.; Amano, T. [6012 b] Japan K001790212 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002467445 Yes
Fisher, C.E.C. [569] India K002467485 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002467440 Yes
[Dioneve] [s.n.] K002467442 Yes
Thomas [s.n.] K002467443 Yes
s.coll. [2378] India K001732309 Yes
s.coll. [178] Uganda K002467537 Yes
Gruner, L. [s.n.] Russia K002467415 Yes
Suhail, B.A. [205] Pakistan K002467476 Yes
Suhail, B.A. [227] Pakistan K002467475 Yes
Andorfer [s.n.] K002467432 Yes
Greenway, P.J.; Kanuri [11342] Tanzania K002467541 Yes
Edgeworth, M.P. [182] India K001732308 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K:SPC-23597.000 No
Moyle Rogers, W. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467402 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467385 Yes
Killick, H.J. [296] Nigeria K002467522 Yes
[S. N. Ronsuluie] [4429] Malaysia K002467496 Yes
{E. J. allard} [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467388 Yes
Stalin, A. [s.n.] Sweden K002467428 Yes
[GEQC] [863] Papua New Guinea K002467506 Yes
Mameev, S. [102] Russia K002467455 Yes
Letouzey, R. [6712] Cameroon K002467525 Yes
Edgeworth [9012] India K002467486 Yes
Möller, H.A. [s.n.] Indonesia K002467501 Yes
Parker, R.N. [s.n.] India K002467491 Yes
Sedgwick, L.J. [4969] K002467483 Yes
Dybowski, W. [1005] Lithuania K001732295 Yes
Blake, S.F. [9551] United States K002467577 Yes
Whellan, J.A. [25777] Zimbabwe K002467544 Yes
Robertson, S.A. [5654A] Kenya K002467542 Yes
Hepper, F.N.; Maxwell, R.H.; Fernando, C. [4559] Sri Lanka K002467481 Yes
Bechara Zainum, J.; Molina, J.A.; Barkley, F.A. [19Bo079] Colombia K002467592 Yes
[Leemanica] [s.n.] Peru K002467594 Yes
Baron, R. [5703] Madagascar K002467558 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.] Indonesia K002467500 Yes
Simpson, N.D. Egypt K:SPC-36485.000 No
Bulley, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467396 Yes
Scoggan, H.J. [3574] Canada K002467575 Yes
Merrill, E.D. [4445] Philippines K002467504 Yes
Wild, H. [7700] Malawi K002467551 Yes
Pitard, C.J.M. [1426] Morocco K002467498 Yes
Davis, W.J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467397 Yes
Cook, C.D.K.; Gut, B.J. [78] India K002467478 Yes
Strachey, R.; Winterbottom, J.E. [s.n.] India K001732307 Yes
Palit, D. [s.n.] K002467441 Yes
Léonard, J. [3669] Chad K002467528 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [2655] India K002467488 Yes
Fray, J.P.; Dauphinoise, S.; Willmott, E.A. [1907] France K002467413 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467404 Yes
Balansa, B. [3793] K002467479 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002467593 Yes
Billot, C.; Bavoux, V.; Guichard, A.; Guichard, P.; Paillot, J. [2941] France K001732297 Yes
Smith, J.D.; Mart, M. [s.n.] Guatemala K002467586 Yes
Lock, J.M. [82/24] Sudan K002467530 Yes
Stewart, R.R. [7164] India K002467489 Yes
Lorentz, P. [s.n.] K002467604 Yes
Billot, C. [2941] France K001732298 Yes
Hill, A.W. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467387 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [20500] Thailand K002467497 Yes
Broadbent, J.A. [32] Nigeria K:SPC-06049.088 No
{Laurén, W.; Hj. Hjelt.} [s.n.] Finland K002467422 Yes
Lindberg, H. [s.n.] Russia K002467423 Yes
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4995] Netherlands K:SPC-30003.000 No
Simpson, N.D. [7673] Sudan K002467532 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [8715] Tanzania K002467539 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [12370] United Kingdom K002467391 Yes
[Ronsuereie] [4430] Malaysia K002467495 Yes
Eggeling, W.J. [934] Uganda K002467538 Yes
de Wilde, W.J.J.O.; et al [7106] Ethiopia K002467533 Yes
Furuse, M. [46621] Japan K002467471 Yes
Ferioli, A.; Fiora, A.; Béguinot, A. [s.n.] Italy K002467416 Yes
Vendrely; Willmott, E.A. [s.n.] France K002467414 Yes
Sheahan, M.C. [11096] K002467602 Yes
[Clerbure] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467403 Yes
Cullen, E.A. [s.n.] Australia K002467508 Yes
Helms, S. [411] Australia K002467507 Yes
Broadbent, J.A. [19] Nigeria K:SPC-06049.105 No
Blake, S.F. [10869] United States K002467582 Yes
s.coll. [888] Burundi K002467527 Yes
Bonnet, E.; Willmott, E.A. [s.n.] K002467412 Yes
[NGF 43856] K:SPC-34827.000 No
Townsend, C.C. [73/361] Pakistan K:SPC-35000.000 No
Smith, P.A. [757] Botswana K002467545 Yes
Engelmann, G. [s.n.] Canada K002467573 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467389 Yes
Borza, A. [s.n.] Romania K002467435 Yes
Phipps, J.B. [2611] Malawi K002467552 Yes
Hall, J.B. [2486] Ghana K002467519 Yes
Rostovzev, S. [s.n.] Russia K002467458 Yes
Furuse, M. [16737] Japan K002467469 Yes
Friis, I.; Bidgood, G.S.; Hailu, A.; Getachew, E.; Abdela, A. [12885] Ethiopia K002467529 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [7673] Sudan K002467531 Yes
Wallace, E.C. [5913] India K002467490 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [2066] K002467450 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [9482] Hong Kong K002467461 Yes
Fraser, J. [192] United Kingdom K002467408 Yes
Last, G.V.C. [727/2] United Kingdom K002467392 Yes
Samuelsson, G. [s.n.] Sweden K002467424 Yes
Smith, P.A. [1524] Botswana K002467546 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Jersey K002467386 Yes
Wareham [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467406 Yes
Hooper, S. [F] India K:SPC-34134.000 No
Gunn, R.C. [10[7]4] Australia K002467511 Yes
Fray, J.P. [1907] France K001732299 Yes
Furuse, M. [47647] Japan K002467470 Yes
Sinclair, J. [39420] Singapore K002467494 Yes
Shabetai, J.R. [56] Egypt K002467454 Yes
[J. Sonotes] [921] United Kingdom K002467383 Yes
Harley, R.M. [9121] Tanzania K:SPC-24320.000 No
Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] K002467447 Yes
Licent, A.E. [751] China K002467462 Yes
Stewart, R.R. [1894] India K002467477 Yes
Leighton [s.n.] United Kingdom K002467400 Yes
[Dr. T. Stuckert] [20088] Argentina K002467603 Yes
Ward, C.J. [7493] South Africa K002467560 Yes
s.coll. [[4]012] India K001732310 Yes
Suza, J. [s.n.] Czech Republic K002467437 Yes
[D. P. M. Guile] [0120] Hong Kong K002467459 Yes
Aug 26, 1944 Hubbard, C.E. [12438 a] United Kingdom Lemna polyrhiza K002467399 Yes
Jan 1, 1911 Jackson, A.B. [s.n. [a]] United Kingdom Lemna polyrhiza K002467395 Yes
Griffith, H.C. [5614] India Lemna polyrhiza K002467484 No
Sartwell [s.n.] United States Lemna polyrhiza K002467448 Yes
Martius [s.n.] Germany Lemna polyrhiza K001790206 Yes
Watt, G. [s.n] India Lemna polyrhiza K001613241 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • CATE Araceae

    • Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0