Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the scape.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few, usually decayed at anthesis, leaf-opposed on the stolons, linear, up to 5 cm. long and 2.5 mm. wide, 1–3-nerved.
Morphology General Traps
Traps numerous, globose, shortly stalked, glandular, 0.6–1.0 mm. long; mouth basal; upper lip with 2 simple subulate appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect or usually twining, 5–50 cm. high; scape filiform, glabrous; flowers 1–15, usually distant; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, usually shorter than the bracts; pedicels erect or ascending, 3–6 mm. long at anthesis, up to 15 mm. long in fruit, flattened or ± narrowly winged, always longer than the fruiting calyx.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes subequal, ovate to narrowly ovate, apex of upper acute, of lower minutely bidentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla usually violet with a dark blue, greenish, yellow or white spot in the throat, rarely wholly yellow or white, 5–30 mm. long; upper lip narrowly oblong to orbicular; lower lip orbicular; palate raised; spur usually curved, acute or rarely obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae subdistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid; style indistinct; stigma-lips short, truncate, subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule narrowly ovoid, dehiscing by a longitudinal abaxial slit; capsule-wall of uniform thickness.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, globose, 0.2–0.3 mm. in diameter; testa thin, cells distinct, ± isodiametric.

[FZ]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb.
Morphology General Rhizoids and Stolons
Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the peduncle.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few, usually decayed at anthesis, leaf-opposed on the stolons, linear, up to 5 cm. ×2.5 mm., 1–3-nerved.
Morphology General Traps
Traps numerous, globose, shortly stalked, glandular, 0.6–1.0 mm. long; mouth basal, with 2 dorsal simple subulate appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect or usually twining, 20–70 cm. high; peduncle filiform, glabrous; flowers 3–10, usually distant; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate, 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, usually shorter than the bracts; pedicels erect or ascending, 5–15 mm. long, flattened or more or less narrowly winged, always longer than the fruiting calyx.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes subequal 3–6 mm. long, ovate to narrowly ovate with apex of upper acute, of lower minutely bidentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla usually violet with a dark blue, greenish, yellow or white spot in the throat, rarely wholly yellow or white, 1–3 cm. long; superior lip oblong to circular; inferior lip circular; palate raised; spur subulate, usually curved, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae subdistinct; ovary ovoid; style indistinct; stigma-lips short, truncate, subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule narrowly ovoid, dehiscing by longitudinal dorsal and ventral slits; capsule-wall of uniform thickness.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, globose, 0.2–0.3 mm. in diam.; testa thin, cells distinct, more or less isodiametric.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Central African Repu, Chad, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Utricularia spiralis Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [2828], Zambia 1207.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2862], Zambia 1208.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2863], Zambia 1209.000
Mumbala, R. [3999], Angola 1210.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2864], Zambia 1211.000
Hepper, F.N. [5476], Tanzania 34346.000
Bullock, A.A. [3116], Tanzania 3612.000
Richards, H.M. [5267], Zambia 6347.000
Sanane, M. [335], Zambia 7416.000
Chevalier, A. [20298], Guinea K000430214
Baum, H. [307], Angola K000430232 Unknown type material
Milne-Redhead, E. [3999], Angola K001009303
s.coll. [s.n.], Angola K001009300
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009301
Faulkner, H.G. [A345], Angola K001009305
Gossweiler, J. [2613], Angola K001009302
Faulkner, H.G. [A381], Angola K001009304

First published in A.Rees, Cycl. 37: n.° 5 (1818)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Rees Cyclop. 37: No. 5 (1819).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 12 (1972).
  • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 378 (1963)
  • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 58 (1964)
  • Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 37, No. 5 (1819).
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 482 (1906), pro parte.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0