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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Ethiopia to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka.
Asparagus falcatus

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub to 4 m or more.
Morphology Branches
Branches glabrous.
Morphology Stem
Stems smooth, terete to angled, usually pale.
Morphology General Spines
Spines 1–17 mm long, recurved, also on terminal branches.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes fasciculate, 3–6 together, straight or falcate, smooth, with a distinct midvein, (15)25–120 × 2–5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes simple, 1–3, axillary, 15–55 mm long, present on main stems and branches; bracts ovate, acuminate, membranous; pedicels 3–7 mm long, articulated below middle or above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals white, broadly elliptic to obovate, 3–3.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with yellow anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with ± 6 ovules in each locule; style short, c.0.5 mm long including stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry globose or solitary or 2-lobed, 7–10 mm in diameter, red, 1–2 seeded.
Distribution
Widespread in the warmer parts of southern Africa, tropical East Africa to India and Sri Lanka. .
Ecology
Coastal forest, sand dunes, miombowoodland, along forest margins, rivers and streams, and among rocky outcrops; 0–1800 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climbing or scrambling shrub up to 3 m high; branches glabrous to shortly puberulous, with well developed recurved spines 3–7 mm long, the terminal branches also with spines
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes clustered, 3–6(–12) together, flattened, straight or curved, with a distinct vein, 15–85 x 1.25–2.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 2–9 cm long, glabrous to puberulous, branched or unbranched; pedicels 3–4 mm long, articulated at or above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals white to cream, obovate, 3–3.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than tepals; anthers yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with 4–5 ovules in each cell; style 0.7–1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red or white flushed purple, c. 7–13 mm in diam., 1–3-seeded.

[FTEA]

Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Climbing or scandent shrub to 4(– 7) m long.
Morphology Branches
Branches with smooth, terete to angled stem, glabrous; spines recurved, on the main stem 5– 7(– 10) mm long, widened at the base; spinules at the base of cladodes 1– 2 mm long.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes in fascicles of 3– 6, flattened, straight or falcate, (25– )35– 125 mm× 2– 5 mm, with a distinct mid-vein.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes simple, solitary or in fascicles of 2, 1.5– 3(– 5) cm long, glabrous; bracts ovate, 0.5– 2 mm long; pedicels 1.5– 4 mm long, articulated in the middle, above or below; flowers solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Tepals white to cream-yellow, broadly elliptic or obovate, 2.5– 3.5 mm long; stamens shorter than the perianth; anthers yellow; ovary 3-locular with 6 ovules in each locule; style short, ± 0.5 mm long including stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red or white flushed purple, 7– 10 mm in diameter, 1– 3-seeded.
Habitat
Deciduous or evergreen bushland, thicket, dry forest and its margins; 0– 850 m close to the coast and 1250– 1350 m inland
Distribution
K3 K7 P T1 T3 T6 T8 U2 U4 Z Ethiopia, Somalia south to South Africaalso in Asia

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bermuda, Mexico Central, Windward Is.

Asparagus falcatus L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 313 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl.: 313 (1753).
  • in F.C. 6: 271 (1896);
  • in F.T.A. 7: 435 (1898).
  • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 626 (1875);
  • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 69 (1966).
  • ―Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 71 (1850).
  • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 14 (2006).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 311 (1994) pro parte.
  • Baker, Fl. Cap. 271 (1896).
  • Baker, Journ. Linn. Soc. 14: 626 (1875)
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E.Afr.: fig. 534 (1987).
  • Bresler, Dissert. inaug.: 2 (1826).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 203 (1962).
  • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 69 (1966).
  • Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 71 (1850).
  • L., Sp. Pl. 1: 313 (1753).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 133 (1949).
  • Sebsebe Demissew in Fl. Somalia 4: 26 (1995)
  • Sebsebe Demissew, Fl. Eth. & Erit. 6: 70 (1996) pro parte.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/