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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to N. Australia.
Asparagus racemosus

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

Morphology General Habit
Tall climber to 6 m high, or tangled shrub, stems shiny yellow with soft, feathery branches when 'in leaf', usually bare when in flower.
Morphology Roots
Roots many, with fusiform swellings near rhizome.
Morphology Stem
Stems straight, smooth, shiny yellow to greyish.
Morphology General Spines
Spines 5–12(25) mm long on stems and main branches.
Morphology Branches
Branches spreading bearing numerous branchlets, ± 70 mm long, with overlapping cladode fascicles.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes 4–8 per fascicle, unequally long, filiform, 10–16(40) mm long, thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in simple racemes, in multi-budded axils of stems and branches, usually several racemes together, 20–30 mm long; pedicels 3.5–5 mm long, articulated below the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals attenuate below, ± 3 mm long, white with a reddish central streak, reflexed in fruit; bracts membranous, acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with red (or dark) anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary attenuate below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry shortly stipitate, ± 7 mm in diameter, red.
Distribution
Widespread from India to tropical E Africa, including Madagascar. .
Ecology
In dry forest with Pterocarpus lucens, Xylia torreana, Bussea xylocarpa and Schrebera trichoclada, on stony soils;400–1450 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FWTA]

Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Climbing plant up to 6 ft. high
Ecology
In thickets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers green or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries red.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub up to 7 m high; branches terete, lined or angled, glabrous, with 2–8 mm long spines
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes clustered, 2–6 together, subulate to flattened, 8–35(–40) x 0.5–0.7 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1.5–10 cm long, branched, glabrous; pedicels 4–6 mm long, elongating up to 10 mm in fruit, articulated at or below the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts ovate, concave, 2–4 mm long, glabrous, membranous, sometimes falling quickly
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals white to greenish white, (3–)4–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than tepals; anthers orange to red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovate, with 6–7 ovules in each cell; style 1–1.25 mm long, 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry green turning red at maturity, 8–10(–13) mm in diam., 1(–3)-seeded.
Distribution
S2, 3 Asia.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 50 m.

[FTEA]

Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub to 7 m high; branches terete, lined or angled, glabrous with spines 2– 3 mm long in young parts to 5– 8 mm long in older parts.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes in fascicles of 2– 6, subulate to flattened, 8– 35(– 40)× 0.5– 0.7 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence racemose, 1.5– 19 cm long, glabrous; racemes solitary or fascicled, branching; the terminal parts of racemes with umbellate fascicles of 4– 6 flowers; bracts ovate, concave, 1.5– 4 mm long, glabrous, membranous, sometimes falling quickly; pedicel 4– 8 mm long (elongating to 10 mm long in fruit), articulated at the middle or below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Tepals greenish white to white, 2.5– 3 mm long; stamens shorter than the perianth parts with anthers orange to red; ovary obovate, 3-locular with 6– 7 ovules in each locule; style 1– 1.25 mm long with 3-branched stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry green turning red at maturity, 8– 10(– 13) mm in diameter, commonly 1-seeded, sometimes 2– 3-seeded.
Habitat
Forests, forest margins, secondary forest, wooded grassland, secondary bushland and grassland; (350– )1550– 2900 m
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Burkina, Cambodia, Central African Repu, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Jamaica, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Trinidad-Tobago

Asparagus racemosus Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1994 Schimp. [374], Ethiopia K000255648 Unknown type material
Milne-Redhead, E. [10376A], Tanzania 23391.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10376], Tanzania 23776.000
Bally, P.R.O. [8804], Kenya 4414.000
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000901268
Wight, R. [5754], India K000901272
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5153] K001104946
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000901269
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000901282
s.coll. [5754], Nepal K000901271
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5153] K001104945
Brown, R. [5663], Australia K000901281
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5153] K001104947
s.coll. [5752], Assam K000901270
Jacquemont, V. [537], India Asparagus jacquemontii K000901267 Unknown type material
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5152], India Asparagus acerosus K001104941
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5152] Asparagus acerosus K001104942
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104940
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104936
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104939
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Asparagus acerosus K000901277
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5152] Asparagus acerosus K001104943
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104937
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104944
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104938
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Asparagus acerosus K000901278

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 2: 152 (1799)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ali, S.I. & Khan, S.W. (2009). Asparagaceae Flora of Pakistan 217: 1-23. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1978). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 1: 1-154. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(1): 1-276.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Rechinger, K.H., Browicz, K., Persson, K. & Wendelbo, P. (1990). Flora Iranica 165: 1-194. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1979-1983). Flora Malesiana 9: 1-600. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zhengyi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2000). Flora of China 24: 1-431. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 645.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799).
  • in F.T.A. 7: 434 (1898).
  • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 434 (1898).
  • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 623 (1875);
  • ―Engler, Hochgeb. Trop. Afrika: 169 (1892).
  • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 72 91966).
  • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 12 (2006).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 1-848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(1): 1-276.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1979-1983). Flora Malesiana 9: 1-600. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 311, t. 140 (1994).
  • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 14: 623 (1875).
  • Baker, Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 434 (1898).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E.Afr.: fig. 246 (1987).
  • Engler, Hochgebirgsfl. trop. Afr.: 169 (1892).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa 3: 93 (1968).
  • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 72 (1966).
  • Sebsebe Demissew in Fl. Somalia 4: 26 (1995)
  • Sebsebe Demissew, Fl. Eth. & Erit. 6: 71 (1997).
  • Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or.: t. 2056 (1853).
  • Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/