Asparagus racemosus Willd.

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4. 2: 152 (1799)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical Africa to N. Australia. It is a climber and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

Morphology General Habit
Tall climber to 6 m high, or tangled shrub, stems shiny yellow with soft, feathery branches when 'in leaf', usually bare when in flower.
Morphology Roots
Roots many, with fusiform swellings near rhizome.
Morphology Stem
Stems straight, smooth, shiny yellow to greyish.
Morphology General Spines
Spines 5–12(25) mm long on stems and main branches.
Morphology Branches
Branches spreading bearing numerous branchlets, ± 70 mm long, with overlapping cladode fascicles.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes 4–8 per fascicle, unequally long, filiform, 10–16(40) mm long, thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in simple racemes, in multi-budded axils of stems and branches, usually several racemes together, 20–30 mm long; pedicels 3.5–5 mm long, articulated below the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals attenuate below, ± 3 mm long, white with a reddish central streak, reflexed in fruit; bracts membranous, acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with red (or dark) anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary attenuate below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry shortly stipitate, ± 7 mm in diameter, red.
Distribution
Widespread from India to tropical E Africa, including Madagascar. .
Ecology
In dry forest with Pterocarpus lucens, Xylia torreana, Bussea xylocarpa and Schrebera trichoclada, on stony soils;400–1450 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
[FZ]

Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Climbing plant up to 6 ft. high
Ecology
In thickets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers green or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries red.
[FWTA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub up to 7 m high; branches terete, lined or angled, glabrous, with 2–8 mm long spines
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes clustered, 2–6 together, subulate to flattened, 8–35(–40) x 0.5–0.7 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1.5–10 cm long, branched, glabrous; pedicels 4–6 mm long, elongating up to 10 mm in fruit, articulated at or below the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts ovate, concave, 2–4 mm long, glabrous, membranous, sometimes falling quickly
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals white to greenish white, (3–)4–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than tepals; anthers orange to red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovate, with 6–7 ovules in each cell; style 1–1.25 mm long, 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry green turning red at maturity, 8–10(–13) mm in diam., 1(–3)-seeded.
Distribution
S2, 3 Asia.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 50 m.
[FSOM]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub to 7 m high; branches terete, lined or angled, glabrous with spines 2– 3 mm long in young parts to 5– 8 mm long in older parts.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes in fascicles of 2– 6, subulate to flattened, 8– 35(– 40)× 0.5– 0.7 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence racemose, 1.5– 19 cm long, glabrous; racemes solitary or fascicled, branching; the terminal parts of racemes with umbellate fascicles of 4– 6 flowers; bracts ovate, concave, 1.5– 4 mm long, glabrous, membranous, sometimes falling quickly; pedicel 4– 8 mm long (elongating to 10 mm long in fruit), articulated at the middle or below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Tepals greenish white to white, 2.5– 3 mm long; stamens shorter than the perianth parts with anthers orange to red; ovary obovate, 3-locular with 6– 7 ovules in each locule; style 1– 1.25 mm long with 3-branched stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry green turning red at maturity, 8– 10(– 13) mm in diameter, commonly 1-seeded, sometimes 2– 3-seeded.
Habitat
Forests, forest margins, secondary forest, wooded grassland, secondary bushland and grassland; (350– )1550– 2900 m
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images