Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop

First published in Bothalia 9: 51 (1966)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Central Ethiopia to S. Africa, Comoros. It is a scrambling perennial and grows primarly in the seasonally dry tropical biome(s). It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 2600 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
[CPLC]

Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen perennial, erect, climber or usually scandent, 1–3(6) m high, glabrous.
Morphology Stem
Stems smooth, bearing a few basal, short, 2–5 mm long, hard spines, nonspinous above.
Morphology Branches
Branches and cladodes spreading and arranged in one plane. Branchlets short, bearing numerous overlapping, glabrous cladode fascicles.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes numerous in each fascicle, 5–20 mm long, filiform, 3–6(10) mm long, soft, fine, shiny.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in centre of apical cladode fascicle, placed on a small disc, surrounded by a few small, membranous bracts; pedicels 4–6 mm long artciculated below the middle towards the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals narrowly obovate, c.3 mm long, white to cream.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with flattened filaments and yellow anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, 3-locular with 4–5 ovules in each locule; style short, c.1 mm long; stigma 3-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry 5–8 mm in diameter, black when ripe, 1–2(3)-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds globose, black, 3–4 mm in diameter.
Distribution
Also in tropical Africa and South Africa.
Ecology
Evergreen forest, Brachystegia woodland, along streams and river banks, and in dune vegetation; 0–2400 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
[FZ]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 100 - 2600 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 100–2600 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Arauca, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Casanare, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
amor de madre, brisa, brisa de Rin, brisa del río, brisas del Rin, bruma, bruma del mar, ensueño, espárrago, espuma de mar, manto de la Virgen, pino, rin, sombra, sombra de mar
[UNAL]

Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub to 8 m high; branches branching to 4 orders, terete or grooved, with spines 2– 3 mm long mainly on the main branches, glabrous.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes arranged in ± one plane, in fascicles of 4– 25, linear, fine, 3– 6(– 10) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary or fasciculate, 2– 3 together on terminal branches; bracts minute, falling more or less quickly; pedicels 4– 8 mm long, articulated at the middle or below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Tepals white, ± equal, ± 3 mm long; stamens shorter than the perianth; anthers yellow; ovary 3-locular with 6– 8 ovules in each locule; style ± 1 mm long, 3-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red, 6– 8(– 10) mm in diameter, 1– 3-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black.
Figures
Fig. 1:4– 6 (page 7).
Habitat
Forest and forest margins, rarely in thicket or dense bushland on coral; 0– 350 m near coast and 750– 2300 m inland
Distribution
K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Z
[FTEA]

Uses

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0