Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb up to ± 1 m high.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, straight or slightly zigzag, with short internodes, glabrous; nodes usually many-budded, proliferating into numerous spines, branches and branchlets.
Morphology Branches
Branches similar to stem, straight or reduced to a noded, patent spine with 1 or 2 lateral spinules. Branchlets non-spinous, short, few to numerous, bearing cladode fascicles and apical flowers.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes 1–6 in a fascicle, subulate, 10–19 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers apical, 1–3; pedicel 1–10 mm long, articulated near base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals narrowly obovate, 1.5–3.5 mm long, white with a dark midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, 3-grooved, yellow, with 4–6 ovules in each locule; style and stigmas short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry black, ± 5 mm in diameter, the dry perianth persistent, 1–3-seeded.
Distribution
Also in Kenya; widespread and common over southern Africa except N Namibia and N Botswana.
Ecology
In Brachystegia, Julbernardia and Colophospermum-dominated woodland, open wooded grassland and riverine fringes; 160–1200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FTEA]

Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Erect shrub, up to 1 m high; stems erect, straight or slightly zigzagging, with short internodes, glabrous; branches and main stems with spines 6– 9 mm long.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes solitary or in fascicles of 2– 6, subulate, 3– 6(– 19) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary or in fascicles of 2– 3 on terminal branches; bracts overlapping, broadly elliptic, 1× 0.5 mm, rounded to acute at apex; pedicel 1– 5(– 10) mm long, articulated near base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Tepals narrowly obovate, 1.5– 3.5 mm long, white with a dark midrib; ovary obovoid, 3-locular with 4– 6 ovules in each locule; style and stigmas short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry black, ± 5 mm in diameter, the dry perianth persistent, 1– 3-seeded.
Habitat
Few data; termite mound in Acacia wooded grassland, near forest and along roads; 1500– 2000 m
Distribution
K4 K5 T1 T2 widespread and common all over southern Africa except northern Namibia and northern Botswana

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Asparagus suaveolens Burch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 1, 1965 Burchell, W.J. [2962], Cape Province K000255681 syntype

First published in Trav. S. Africa 1: 226 (1822)

Accepted by

  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Trav. Sthn. Africa 2: 226 (1824).
  • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 45 (1966).
  • ―Pole Evans in Fl. Pl. S. Afr. 11: t.409 (1931).
  • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 4 (2006).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burch., Travels Int. S. Africa 2: 226 (1824).
  • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 45 (1966).
  • Pole Evans in Fl. Pl. S. Afr. 11: t. 409 (1931).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0