Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Yemen, S. Tanzania to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

Morphology General Habit
Stiff erect shrub, 30–150 cm high.
Morphology Stem
Stems solitary or 2–4, thin, branching in ± regular fashion in the upper half, angled, glabrous, sometimes without cladodes.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes in fascicles of 2–3, filiform, angled, 4–12 mm long, unequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, pendulous, along the branches; pedicel 4.5–8(10)mm long, articulated in lower half, elongating to 10 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 6, slightly unequal, 3–4.5 × 0.5–1 mm, outer ones smaller than inner ones, white to yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, attached to perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, 3-locular with 4(6) ovules in each locule; style exserted at anthesis, 2–3 mm long, as long as ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry 1–2 lobed, 4–7 mm in diameter, greenish when young, turning yellow to red at maturity.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, globose c.3.5 mm in diameter.
Distribution
Also in South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland, Angola and Tanzania.
Ecology
Near streams and rivers, edge of grasslands, roadsides and secondary montane forest; 30–2250 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FTEA]

Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Stiff, erect, shrubs 30 cm to 1 m high; stems solitary or 2– 4, thin, branching in ± regular fashion in the upper half or so, angled, ± without spines, sometimes without cladodes, glabrous.
Morphology Stem Cladodes
Cladodes in fascicles of 2– 3, filiform, angled, 4– 12 mm long, unequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary, pendulous, along the branches; bracts ovate, 1× 0.5 mm, acute at apex; pedicel 4.5– 8 mm long, articulated in lower half, elongating to 10 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Tepals white to yellowish, slightly unequal, 3– 4.5× 0.5– 1 mm, outer ones smaller than the inner ones; stamens 6, attached to the perianth; ovary globose, 3-locular with 4(– 6) ovules in each locule; style exserted at anthesis, 2– 3 mm long, as long as the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry greenish when young, turning yellow to red at maturity, 1– 2-lobed, 4– 7 mm in diameter; seeds black.
Habitat
Secondary bushland and rocky slopes with scattered Protea etc.; 1600– 2150 m
Distribution
T7 T8

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2600 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba

Native to:

Angola, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Queensland, Réunion, Trinidad-Tobago

Asparagus virgatus Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 23, 1969 Cooper, T. [202], South Africa K000255697 Unknown type material
Jul 1, 1965 Burchell [3197], South Africa K000255698 lectotype
Milne-Redhead, E., Tanzania 24426.000
Harris, T. [136], Mozambique K000545117

First published in Refug. Bot. 3: t. 214 (1870)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in F.C. 6: 259 (1896);
  • in F.T.A. 7: 426 (1898).
  • in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 606 (1875);
  • in Saunders, Refug. Bot. 3: t.214 (1870);
  • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 53 (1966).
  • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 4 (2006).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Fl. Cap. 6: 259 (1896).
  • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 14: 606 (1875)
  • Baker in Saunders Ref. Bot. 3: t. 214 (1870).
  • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 53 (1966).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0