Bulbine Wolf

Bulbine capitata Poelln.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.


Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb 20–45 cm tall from a woody rhizomatous base; plants small erect glabrous, several clustered on a vertical rhizome, or few to many closely spaced along an inclined rhizome.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizomes 1–5 × 0.6–1 cm, subcylindrical with spreading fibrous to ± fleshy roots.
Morphology Stem
Aerial stems absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves numerous, erect to arching, fleshy grass-like, ± abruptly expanded and sheathing at the base; the bases broadly winged, successively overlapping bases of inner leaves, persisting as a column of shiny yellowishscarious sheaths; column (3)4–8 × 0.5–1 cm; blade ± fleshy, mostly 10–25 cm long and c. 2 mm in diameter, linear-terete, ± channelled on the adaxial surface and tapering to the apex; wings clasping, hyaline, up to 8 mm wide on each side of the blade base,abruptly narrowing into the blade.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 1 per plant, erect, terete, ± fleshy becoming stoutly rigid, up to c. 25 cm long and 3 mm in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Raceme usually overtopping the leaves, densely many-flowered, at first 2–4 cm long and broadly conical, increasing to 12(15) cm long and 3–4 cm in diameter and becoming cylindrical; bracts membranous, 2.5–7(10) mm long, ovate to narrowly lanceolate and attenuate into a subulate apex, auriculate, entire or sometimes with 1–3 teeth on the margins, persistent; pedicels closely spaced, ± erect to ascending, filiform or slender, from c. 3 mm long at the raceme apex increasing to c. 23 mm long towards the base, with flowers youngest at the apex becoming progressively older towards the base, flowers and fruit often occurring together in the same raceme, straight, often ± strongly recurved at the apical end in barren pedicels, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals yellow, up to c. 6 mm long, the inner c. 3.5 mm wide, the outer c. 2.5 mm wide, elliptical, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments c. 2–3 mm long, densely bearded in the upper part with long yellow hairs; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 3 mm long, terete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule not inflated when mature, stipitate, c. 6–7 mm long and 4–5 mm wide, ovoid to obovoid and slightly depressed at the apex, shallowly 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–2 per locule, 2–3 mm long, pyramidal, not winged, convex on the outer face with 2–3 flat inner faces tapering to the point of attachment, brownish-black, sometimes with a reticulate pattern of low sharp incipient ridges on the surface.

Native to:

Botswana, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

Bulbine capitata Poelln. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 53: 37 (1944)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

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