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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants 25–50 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal, regularly constricted, with fibrous remains of old leaf bases.
Morphology Roots
Roots extensive, ± spongy, without tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–8 per plant, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, glabrous, 19–50 × 1–4 cm, margins red-ciliate; cataphylls green, margins red ciliate-hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, shorter than leaves, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence unbranched or with a single basal branch, moderately dense, 12–23 cm long; rachis subterete, angled, glabrous, sparsely papillate or scabrid; floral bracts lanceolate, softly awned, red-ciliate on margins, lower ones up to 17 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels solitary, articulated at apex, c.3 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals 4.5–6 mm long, 1-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens longer than perianth, 6.5–7 mm long; anthers 1.5–2 mm long, shorter than filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile; style exserted, slightly declinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3-angled, deeply lobed, 3 × 3–4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, c.2.8 mm across.
Distribution
Also in Tanzania.
Ecology
In woodland, often in partial shade; c.1200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Moderately widespread; probably Lower Risk near threatened.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants often clumped, 25–50 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal, moniliform, bearing fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots extensive, spongy, without tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, firmly membranous, glabrous, 20–50 cm. long, 1.5–3(–5) cm. wide; cataphylls and leaves with red-cilate margins and sometimes also veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, shorter than the leaves, glabrous to pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a moderately dense, subspicate raceme, unbranched or with a single basal branch, 7–20 cm. long; rhachis subterete, angled, scabrid to shortly pubescent; floral bracts lanceolate, softly awned, red-ciliate on the margins, lower ones up to 15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated at the apex, up to 3 mm. long in fruit, solitary at the nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white, ± bell-shaped and slightly constricted above the ovary; tepals connate, 5–7 mm. long, narrow, 1-veined, cucullate, papillate on the inside just above the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted; filaments fusiform, dilated in upper part, 4–6.5 mm. long; anthers versatile, 1.5–3 mm. long, twisted after anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style exserted, declinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule triquetrous, deeply lobed, emarginate, 2–4 mm. long, 3–5.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, 3 mm. in diameter.
Habitat
In Acacia-Commiphora woodland, rocky hillsides, on red sandy soils; 1300–1400 m.
Distribution
T1 T4 T5 T7

Doubtfully present in:

Malawi

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Chlorophytum africanum (Baker) Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Polhill, R. [1240 A], Tanzania 6604.000
Speke [s.n.], Tanzania K000365093 lectotype

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 470 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 470 (1892).
  • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 51 (1994)
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 21 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Meerts, P. (2018). Typification of Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) taxon names from Angola: A critical reappraisal and new combinations Taxon 67: 401-410.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 15: 470 (1892)
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 140 (1895).
  • Marais & Reilly in Kew Bulletin 32: 658 (1978).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0