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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants 65–200 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, thick, vertical, regularly constricted, with fibrous remains of old leaf bases.
Morphology Roots
Roots thick, fusiform, extensive.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in basal rosette, 4–7 per plant, sheathing at base, oblong-lanceolate, often pseudopetiolate, 25–80.5 × 2.5–9 cm, glabrous, margins slightly crisped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, glabrous, with 1 or more short deciduous bracts, to 10 mm across at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lax panicle, much exserted above leaves, up to 80 cm long; floral bracts lanceolate, glabrous, c.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated above middle, lower ones 4–9 per node, up to 30 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth greenish, urn-shaped; tepals with ligulate rims above constriction to cup, 3-veined, scabrid on margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staments shorter than perianth; filaments fusiform, transversely papillate ridged, longer than anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary stipitate, c.10 ovules per locule; style ± as long as stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid, shallowly deltoid, 5–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds disk-shaped, flat, 3 mm across.
Distribution
Also in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Angola.
Ecology
In open woodlands and forest margins, often on termite mounds; 1000–1800 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Robust plants, 65–200 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, thick, vertical, moniliform, bearing fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots spongy, fusiform, extensive, without tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, sheathing at the base, oblong-lanceolate, petiolate, glabrous, 25–80 cm. long, 3–8 cm. wide; margins not undulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, glabrous, 5–7 mm. in diameter, with deciduous leaves all along.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a laxpanicle, much exserted above the leaves, up to 80 cm. long; flowers sometimes congested in the apical parts of the branches; floral bracts lanceolate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated above the middle, up to 30 mm. long in fruit, 4–9-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± pendulous, often congested; perianth greenish to whitish, urceolate; tepals (9–)12–20 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, with ligulate rims above the constriction to the cup, 3-veined, scabrid on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than the perianth; filaments fusiform, with transverse papillate ridges, longer than the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary stipitate; style nearly as long as the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid, nearly rounded in cross-section, 10–12 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds disc-shaped, 3 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 2/1–2.
Habitat
In open woodland, forest margins and riverine thicket, often on termite mounds; 150–2100 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Chlorophytum andongense Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1992 Schweinfurth, G. [2045], Sudan K000256876 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1992 Gossweiler, J. [943], Angola K000256943 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1989 Welwitsch [3770], Angola K000256944 Unknown type material
Scott Elliot, G.F. [4584], Sierra Leone K000256809 Unknown type material
Chevalier [0218], Guinea K000256810 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth [1081], Sudan K000256879 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [2045], Sudan K000256878 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [2045], Sudan K000256877 Unknown type material
Bidgood, S. [6357], Tanzania K000468068

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 260 (1878)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds.) (2004). A Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants: 1-148. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network (SABONET), Pretoria.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Meerts, P. (2018). Typification of Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) taxon names from Angola: A critical reappraisal and new combinations Taxon 67: 401-410.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 506.
  • in Trans. Linn. Soc., ser 2, Bot. 1: 260 (1878)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 260 (1878).
  • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 506 (1898).
  • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 52 (1994).
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 10 (1997).
  • ―Obermeyer in Bothalia 7: 698 (1962).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 506 (1898).
  • Baker in Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot., ser. 2, 1: 260 (1878).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 140 (1895).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 267 (1956).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 102 (1968).
  • Polhill in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 12 (1962).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0