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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to N. Botswana.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants often clumped, 25–45 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, vertical, regularly constricted.
Morphology Roots
Roots often narrow to slightly swollen, bearing rounded tubers at the ends, occasionally thick, spongy and gradually swollen.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblong-lanceolate, narrowed at base, attenuate, 5–40 × 0.5–5.5(7) cm, margins ciliate, fimbriate and crisped, cilia sometimes reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, shallowly angled, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence often unbranched, dense, occasionally with a single short basal branch, as long as leaves; floral bracts lanceolate, ciliate, abruptly narrowed to a bristle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–5 per node, articulated above the middle, c.5 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth whitish; tepals 3–5-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long as perianth; filaments filiform, shorter than anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile, papillate, with c.10 ovules per locule; style as long as stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, 3-angled, 4 × 5 mm, transversely tuberculate when fresh, transversely lined when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, 1.9 mm across.
Distribution
Also in Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Angola, Tanzania and Uganda.
Ecology
In woodlands, on sodic soils and termite mounds, often near watercourses; 350–1200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants often clumped, 25–45 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, vertical, moniliform; roots narrowly spongy to softly fibrous, bearing rounded tubers towards the tips, rarely on lateral branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, oblong-lanceolate, narrowed at the base, attenuate, 5–40 cm. long, 0.5–4 cm. wide, flat, fimbriate and crisped at the (occasionally reddish) ciliate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, as long as the leaves, shallowly angled, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence usually an unbranched, dense raceme, sometimes forked at the base; floral bracts lanceolate, ciliate, abruptly narrowed to a bristle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated above the middle, ± 5 mm. long in fruit, 2–5-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white, slightly urceolate; tepals papillate, 4.5–6 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, 3–5-veined, somewhat reflexed at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long as the perianth; filaments fusiform, papillose, 3–4 mm. long; anthers 1–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary papillate; style straight, as long as the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule deltate to slightly 3-lobed in cross-section, emarginate, papillate, tuberculate or transversely lined when mature, ± 4 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, ± 2 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 10.
Habitat
In areas with rock-like clayey hardpan soils and termite mounds, within open woodland, often near water-courses; 450–1600 m.
Distribution
scattered through the Sudano-Zambesian region, from Ghana to the Central African Republic, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia T2 T4 T5 T6 T8

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Chlorophytum brachystachyum Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1989 Winter de, B. [4081], South Africa K000256978 isotype
Wild, H. [3689], Zimbabwe 4430.000
Polhill, R. [1127], Tanzania 5571.000
s.coll. [s.n.], Malawi K000401063 Unknown type material

First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 13: 711 (1893)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds.) (2004). A Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants: 1-148. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network (SABONET), Pretoria.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in F.T.A. 7: 502 (1898).
  • in Gard. Chron., ser.3 13: 710 (1893);
  • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 54 (1994).
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 52 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 502 (1898).
  • Baker in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 13: 710 (1893)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0