Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques

First published in J. Soc. Imp. Centr. Hort. 8: 345 (1862)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is W. Tropical Africa to Cameroon, Ethiopia to S. Africa. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1480 - 1500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
[CPLC]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants 15–70 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome small, often indistinct.
Morphology Roots
Roots narrow to slightly swollen, often with elongated tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in basal rosette, pseudopetiolate, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, 8–40 × 0.5–4 cm, margins minutely scabrid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 1–4 per plant, terete, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence usually unbranched or with only 1–2 branches, sometimes represented by sterile bracts, or ± paniculate; outer floral bracts oblanceolate, glabrous, inner ones narrower, small, shortly cilate on margins, to 10 mm long; rachis often scabrid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated above middle, lower ones 2–4 per node, 4–5 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals 5–7 mm long, 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long or slightly longer than perianth; filaments smooth, dilated above middle, longer than anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile, with c.4 ovules per locule; style as long as stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules deeply lobed, often bearing perianth remains, 3–5(9) × 4–5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, slightly folded, 1.5–2 mm across.
Distribution
A widespread and variable species complex found across sub-Saharan Africa.
Ecology
Usually growing in shade, generally in evergreen forests or woodlands; 50–1800 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread taxon; not threatened.
[FZ]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1480–1500 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
A variable complex of plants with ± lax leaves and peduncles, sometimes drying blackish.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, vertical or sometimes horizontal with elongated internodes; roots ± spongy, often with spindle-shaped tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, petiolate or not, lanceolate to strap-shaped, usually glabrous, 10–60(–100) cm. long, 1–3(–4) cm. wide, sometimes with scabrid margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles often more than one to a plant, 5–20(–50) cm. long, erect to ± drooping, glabrous to scabrid, with a few sterile bracts just below the inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 10–50(–75 cm.), usually simple, sometimes ± paniculate; rhachis sometimes somewhat scabrid, internode elongation varies considerably giving dense to extremely lax inflorescences; floral bracts 5–20 mm., acute to acuminate.
Vegetative Multiplication
Small plantlets often produced from the bracts of the inflorescence (pseudovivipary).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated in upper half, 4–10 mm. long, slightly reflexed during anthesis, erect in fruit, 2–4-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth slightly urceolate, whitish, often keeled greenish outside and apically; tepals patent to somewhat reflexed at anthesis, 4–7 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, 3-veined, with scabrid margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted; filaments fusiform, dilated above the middle, scabrid to papillose, 3–5 mm. long, longer than the 1–2.5 mm. long, versatile anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style straight, as long as the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule triquetrous to deltate, emarginate, usually somewhat broader than long, 4–9 mm. long, 5–9(–11) mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, slightly folded, 2–3 mm. in diameter.
Habitat
Undergrowth in rain-forest and riverine forest on brown to black loamy clay, also in crevices in rocks along streams, sometimes epiphytic or penetrating into more open and drier areas (or persists when the forest disappears); sea-level to 2450 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 a widespread complex species of rain-forest areas of Africa south of the Sahara, from West, Central and East Africa including Ethiopia, southwards to the Cape.
[FTEA]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cinta, cintilla, lazo de amor, madre moderna
[UNAL]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Spider Plant

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0