Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants up to 5 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, carrying narrow roots with elongated tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a prostrate rosette, oblanceolate, petiolate, obtuse, glabrous, up to 20 cm. long and 4–8 cm. wide, rather thick with prominent veins, occasionally undulate and ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, up to 2 cm. long, so that the inflorescence appears at ground-level among the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 4 cm. long, dense, often branched, sometimes looking almost capitate; floral bracts large, up to 10 mm. long, often ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels apparently not articulated, ± 5 mm. long, often reflexed in fruit, several at the nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals 6–8 mm. long, 5-veined; stamens as long as the perianth; anthers ± 2 mm. long, shorter than the filiform filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style filiform, as long as the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule shallowly trigonous, ± 5 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, ± 2 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 11/1.
Habitat
In open Brachystegia woodland and grassland, sometimes on termite mounds; 200–1100 m.
Distribution
T4 T6 T7 T8 U3

[FWTA]

Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Small plant
Morphology Roots
Tuberous roots
Morphology Leaves
Leaves more or less flattened on the ground
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence almost sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white; pedicels elongating after flowering and reflexing, burying the fruit.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants up to 5 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome not distinct.
Morphology Roots
Roots narrow, with tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in prostrate rosette, 4–6 per plant, rarely more, 23–27 × 6.5–8.5 cm, oblanceolate, pseudopetiolate, obtuse, glabrous, margins crisped, occasionally ciliate-hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, to 2 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence often unbranched, occasionally with 2–4 branches, up to 3 cm long; floral bracts large, obtuse to acute, ciliate hairy on the crisped margins, up to 17 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels often curled backwards at maturity, articulated at apex, 4–17 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals c.8 mm long, 5-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long as perianth; anthers 2 mm long, shorter than filiform filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile; style filiform, as long as stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule shallowly deltoid, 3 × 4 mm, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, c.2.2 mm across.
Distribution
Also in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda and Tanzania.
Ecology
In open woodland, on termite mounds and rock crevices; 1000–1300 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Chlorophytum geophilum Peter ex Poelln. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [8369B], Tanzania 23386.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3646], Zambia 2390.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8369A], Tanzania 24416.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8369], Tanzania 24464.000

First published in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 61: 127 (1943)

Accepted by

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • C. subcapitalum Hutch. F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 343 (1936), name only.
  • in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 61: 127 (1943)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 61: 127 (1943).
  • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 63 (1994).
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 54 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 100 (1968).
  • Nordal & Thulin in Nordic Journ. Bot. 13: 265 (1993).
  • Nordal in Fl. Ethiopia 6: 93 (1997).
  • Poelln. in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 61: 127 (1943).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0