Chlorophytum holstii Engl.

First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 140 (1895)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. Kenya to Tanzania. It is a tuberous perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Small plants up to 15 cm.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short; roots rather thin with tubers on short lateral branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves drying yellowish brown, rosulate, sheathing, with distinctly canaliculate petiole, 5–10 cm. long; lamina forming a distinct angle somewhere between 90° and 180° with the petiole so that it is parallel with the soil surface, 10–20cm. long, 1–3 cm. wide, papillose below at least along the midvein, distinct teeth along the margin, leaf-base attenuate, apex obtuse to acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle slender, 5–20 cm. long, scabrid to papillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lax raceme, 8–20 cm. long, simple or slightly branched at the base with ± pubescent rhachis; floral bracts papillose, 7–18 mm., obovoid, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated in lower half, 5–6 mm. long in flower, up to 12 mm. in fruit, scabrid to pubescent, 2–4-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals patent, 5–8 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments fusiform, 2–4 mm. long, with scale-like papillae; anthers ± 2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule trigonous, ± 5–7 mm. long, 5–9 mm. wide, with truncate base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 per locule, saucer-shaped, relatively large, 3–3.5 mm. in diameter.
Habitat
On rocky hillsides in dense dry evergreen lowland or riverine forest or Brachystegia woodland, also in thick succulent/thorn scrub, 0–± 1000 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T4 T5 T6 not known elsewhere
[FTEA]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/158096/5183101

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0