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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants 20–51 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, vertical, densely covered by roots.
Morphology Roots
Roots many, thick, spongy, with short slender lateral branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pseudopetiolate, 4–6 per stem, ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 6–19 × 0.9–4.6 cm wide, rounded at base, acuminate above, glabrous, margins undulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle slender, terete, 11–27 cm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 1–5 lax racemes, flowers borne from axils upwards; sterile bracts at base of racemes small, not leafy, lower ones up to 15 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels ascending, articulated above middle, lower ones 3–4 per node, c.12 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth greenish; tepals c.6 mm long, 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long as perianth; filaments papillate-rough when dry, longer than anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile; style filiform, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, 3-angled, deeply lobed, c.3 × 4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds disk-shaped, c.3 mm across.
Distribution
Also in Sudan, Burundi, Tanzania, Congo and Angola.
Ecology
Widely distributed in rainforests, on forest margins and closed woodland, on sandy rocky soils; 1200–1500 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Restricted distribution within the Flora area; Lower Risk near threatened.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants 20–40 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short; roots thick, spongy, with elongated distal tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves drying black, rosulate, petiolate, obovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, truncate to cordate, 6–19 cm. long, 3–7 cm. wide; margins wavy with minute teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, 8–20 cm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate to unbranched and lax; bracts supporting the branches (and floral bracts) relatively small, lower ones up to 15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated above the middle, 8–10 mm. long, 2–4-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth greenish white; tepals 4–6 mm. long, 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long as the perianth; filaments papillate-rough, longer than the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style filiform, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule deeply triquetrous, 3–4 mm. long, 4–8 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flat, 2.5–3 mm. in diameter.
Habitat
In forest margins and closed woodland, on sandy rocky soils; 900–950 m.
Distribution
T4 T6 U2 widely distributed in the Guineo-Congolean parts of Africa, with extensions to the western parts of East Africa, Sudan, Angola and Zambia

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Central African Repu, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Chlorophytum lancifolium Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1992 Carson, A. [29], Zambia K000256940 holotype
Milne-Redhead, E. [3648], Zambia 15162.000
Welwitsch [3772], Angola K000256941 syntype
Welwitsch [3773], Angola K000256942 syntype

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 260 (1878)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 260 (1878).
  • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 498 (1898).
  • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 65 (1994).
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 60 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Poulsen, A.D. & Nordal, I. (2005). A phenetic analysis and revision of Guineo-Congolean rain forest taxa of Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 148: 1-20.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 498 (1898).
  • Baker in Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot., ser. 2, 1: 260 (1878)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0