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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants often clumped, 60–90 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, oblique.
Morphology Roots
Roots thick, mostly with distal tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in basal rosette, large, 28–90 × 1.5–12 cm, narrowed at base, gradually tapering at apex, narrowly lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, glabrous, occasionally with 1–3 bracts below inflorescence, up to 4.5 mm across at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence unbranched, dense; rachis slightly scabrid; floral bracts small, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels fascicled, lower ones up to 9 per node, articulated at apex, 8–13 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals 5-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens as long as perianth; filaments fusiform, scabrid, shorter than anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile; style declinate, not exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule shallowly deltoid, 5–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, c.2.5 mm across.
Distribution
Widespread in the Sudano-Zambezian region from Sierra Leone east to Ethiopia and south  to Zimbabwe.
Ecology
In woodland, along stream banks, often on stony doleritic soils; 100–1200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widely distributed; not threatened.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants 20–80 cm. high, drying yellowish brown to olive-green, very rarely blackish.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, compact; roots medium thick, expanding to spindle-shaped tubers up to 3 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, not petiolate nor forming a stem, broadly lanceolate, 10–70 cm. long, 2–10 cm. wide, with undulate or crisped margins, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle terete, leafless (or with a few sterile bracts connected to the inflorescence), stout, erect, up to 50 cm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 30 cm., dense, usually unbranched; rhachis glabrous; lower bracts 2.5–6–(13) cm. long, ordinary floral bracts, 2.5–3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated in the upper half, whitish, particularly above the articulation, (8–)10–14 mm. long, 3–5-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth whitish (translucent), turning brownish after anthesis; tepals semi-patent, 8–15 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide, usually 5-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens equal to to shorter than the tepals; filaments fusiform, widest in upper half, scabrid, 3–5 mm. long, somewhat shorter than the 4–6 mm. long anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style declinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule deltate in cross-section, emarginate, 6–11 mm. long, usually somewhat longer than wide, blackish when dehiscing.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds saucer-shaped, ± 2–2.5 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 9.
Habitat
In riverine or dry evergreen forest, usually in shade, but also in more open woodland, bushland and swampy grassland on black soils, rarely on coral rock in coastal areas; 100–2800 m.
Distribution
widespread in tropical Africa from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Mozambique and Zimbabwe K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7

[FWTA]

Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Tuberous-rooted herb
Morphology Leaves
Rather large leaves in a rosette
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, fragrant
Ecology
In riverine forest.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Chlorophytum macrophyllum (A.Rich.) Asch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 23, 2013 Luke [15518], Mali K000499539
Jan 1, 1998 Stolz, A. [2335], Tanzania K000256898 isotype
Jan 1, 1998 Stolz, A. [2335], Tanzania K000256899 isotype
Onochie, C.F.A. [18260], Nigeria 29603.000
Richards, H.M. [13990], Tanzania 5572.000
Schweinfurth, G. [1968], Sudan K000256871 lectotype
Schweinfurth, G. [2068], Sudan K000256872 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [2068], Sudan K000256873 Unknown type material
Stolz, A. [2335], Tanzania K000256897 isotype
Polhill, R. [1143], Tanzania Anthericum macrophyllum 5566.000

First published in G.Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 294 (1867)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds.) (2004). A Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants: 1-148. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network (SABONET), Pretoria.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. 186
  • Chev. Bot. 651
  • F.T.A. 7: 498
  • Morton, W. Afr. Lilies & Orch. fig. 15.
  • in Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 294 (1867)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 294 (1867).
  • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 498 (1898).
  • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 323 (1876).
  • ―Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 351 (1893).
  • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 67 (1994).
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 49 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 318, t. 145 (1994).
  • Aschers. in Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 294 (1867).
  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 498 (1898).
  • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 15: 323 (1875)
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr., reprint: 422, fig. 146 (1992).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg.) p. 1535 (1971).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 266 (1956).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 99 (1968).
  • Nordal & Thulin in Nordic Journ. Bot. 13. 269 (1993).
  • Nordal in Fl. Ethiopia 6: 102, fig. 190.8 (1997).
  • Polhill in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 13 (1962).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0