Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
N2, “Mt Ahl” near “Mait”, Hildebrandt 1468 (B holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Plant up to at least 40 cm tall, from a densely fibrous rhizome with wiry roots ending in ellipsoid tubers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several in a rosette, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, folded, with ± wavy margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence usually a simple raceme, lax, glabrous; peduncle leafless; flowers 1 at each node; pedicels c. 5–15 mm long, articulated near or above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals white, 10–12 mm long, 3-nerved, spreading or reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3 long and 3 short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 8 mm long, downcurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule rounded to broadly oblong in outline, c. 10–15 x 10 mm.
Distribution
N1, 2; S1; Ethiopia, Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 200–1500 m.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants 30–70 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome short, moniliform, bearing fibres from previous leaves; roots thick and spongy throughout, or narrow near the base and enlarging into very long, conspicuous tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rosulate, erect or sometimes falcate with clasping bases, canaliculate, glabrous, often bluish to greyish green, narrowly lanceolate to linear, 20–40 cm. long, 1–3 cm. wide, margin undulate, cataphylls with a hyaline margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle erect, leafless, 15–40 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple raceme; rhachis glabrous; floral bracts short, indistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated in upper half, glabrous, ± 1 cm. at anthesis, elongating with age, solitary at the nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers conspicuous, zygomorphic; tepals white with pale green midrib, 15–20 mm. long, 2–3mm. wide, 3-veined, constricted and thus forming an urceolate structure around the ovary, outer parts of tepals reflexed at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens longer than the perianth, exserted; filaments declinate, up to 15 mm.; anthers 2–4 mm., twisted after anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style declinate, exserted, as long as the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule with remnants of the perianth at the base, triquetrous, emarginate, variable in size, but often very large, (7–)10–20 mm. long, usually distinctly longer than wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds disc-shaped, 3–5 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 6.
Habitat
In ± degraded Acacia - Commiphora bushland, also on treeless grassland; on rather shallow black cotton soil or red lateritic soils, but also in alluvial sands, often degraded and eroded, on granite, limestone, lava or gypseous rocks; 100–1700 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T3

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

Chlorophytum somaliense Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1992 Cole, E. [s.n.], Somalia K000256862 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1992 Phillips, L. [s.n.], Somalia K000256863 Unknown type material
Polhill, R. [384], Kenya Chlorophytum tenuifolium 1266.000
Gillett, J.B. [12715], Kenya Chlorophytum tenuifolium 2396.000
Greenway, P.J. [10858], Kenya Chlorophytum tenuifolium 29519.000
Ash [1968], Ethiopia Chlorophytum tenuifolium 35894.000
Drummondand, R.B. [2280], Tanzania Chlorophytum tenuifolium 4437.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 469 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 318 (1994).
  • Baker in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 15: 469 (1892).
  • Nordal & Thulin in Nordic Journ. Bot. 13: 276 (1993).
  • Nordal in Fl. Ethiopia 6: 95, fig. 190.4 (1997).
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 4: 44 (1995).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0