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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa.
Chlorophytum suffruticosum

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plant with erect (rarely prostrate), eventually branched, aerial stem, up to 50 cm. long, usually ± 2.5 cm. thick, with circular leaf-scars and stiff fibres from old leaf-bases.
Morphology Roots
Roots ± spongy without tubers.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous or nearly so, grass-like, born at the apices of the branches, 5–50 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles several in the leaf-axils, 5–40 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple raceme (rarely with some basal branches), 6–20 cm. long; rhachis slightly papillose to pubescent; floral bracts short, up to 2–5 mm. long, boat-shaped, with swollen glandular tissue at the base, extruding a sweet, sticky substance.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated below the middle, 3–6 mm., always solitary at the nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers open, white, star-shaped; tepals with a greenish, rarely brownish, median stripe, up to 15 mm. long and 5 mm. wide, 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens declinate, often arranged in a 5 + 1 arrangement, slightly shorter than the tepals; filaments filiform, ± 4 mm. long, half the length of the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style declinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule rounded-deltate in cross-section, with slight transverse ridges, ± 10 mm. long and 8 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly folded to saucer-shaped, 1.5–2 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 8.
Habitat
Pockets of soil in rocks of granitic or coral outcrops, sometimes on termite mounds; 0–1150 m.
Distribution
K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 not known elsewhere

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania

Chlorophytum suffruticosum Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 15, 1933 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000257061 holotype
Aug 30, 1933 Wakefield [s.n.], Kenya K000257058 holotype
Aug 30, 1933 Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], Tanzania K000257059 holotype
Holst, C. [2103], Tanzania K000257060 isotype
Jan 1, 1989 Cecil, E. [143], Zimbabwe Chlorophytum polyphyllum K000256919 holotype
Jan 1, 1989 Baines [s.n.], South Africa Chlorophytum polyphyllum K000256975 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1989 Galpin, E.E. [1149], South Africa Chlorophytum polyphyllum K000256976 Unknown type material
Bally, P.R.O. [9717], Kenya Anthericum suffruticosum 15149.000
Drummond, R.B. [1058], Kenya Anthericum suffruticosum 2358.000
Drummond, R.B. [3624], Tanzania Anthericum suffruticosum 5430.000
Bally, P.R.O. [9717], Tanzania Anthericum suffruticosum 5568.000

First published in J. Bot. 16: 326 (1878)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 317 (1994).
  • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 508 (1898).
  • Baker in Journal of Botany 1878: 326 (1878)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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