Convallaria majalis L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Caucasus. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Romania, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Tennessee, Turkey-in-Europe, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Komarov, V.L. (ed.) (1935). Flora SSSR 4: 1-586. Izdatel'stov Akademii Nauk SSSR, Leningrad.
  • Malyschev L.I. & Peschkova , G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 4: 1-238. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1958). Flora Kazakhstana 2: 1-290. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Zhao, Y.Z., Zhao, L.Q. & Rui, C. (eds.) (2019). Flora Intramongolica, edition 3, 6: 1-619. Typis Intramongolicae popularis, Huhhot.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Malyschev L.I. & Peschkova , G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 4: 1-238. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1958). Flora Kazakhstana 2: 1-290. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
May 31, 2023 Christenhusz, M.J.M. [MC9514] United Kingdom K001527146 Yes
Utkin, I. [s.n.] Georgia K003735522 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735431 Yes
students [[1960s]] Russia K003735529 Yes
Butcher, R.W. [60] K003735460 Yes
Bordère [s.n.] K003735475 Yes
Hodgkin, E. [30] Austria K003735472 Yes
Lousley, J.E. [976/1] Switzerland K003735484 Yes
Bordère [s.n.] K003735474 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735526 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735464 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735493 Yes
Lindberg, H.; Kölstrom, H. [s.n.] K003735502 Yes
Salmon, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735445 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735540 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735486 Yes
Cotton, A.D. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735421 Yes
Flanagan, M.; Kirkham, A. [ESUS 185] K003735523 Yes
s.coll [644394] France K001905368 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735452 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735428 Yes
Dybowski, W.; Woloszczak, E. [s.n.] Lithuania K003735450 Yes
Huterz [s.n.] Austria K003735467 Yes
s.coll. [[20]] United Kingdom K003735435 Yes
Woodward, A.S. [s.n.] France K003735456 Yes
s.coll. [1031] United Kingdom K003735408 Yes
Fijalkowski [s.n.] Poland K003735506 Yes
Findlay, R. [176] United Kingdom K003735407 Yes
Womersley, J.S. [E66] Norway K003735454 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735482 Yes
Klementz, E. [s.n.] K003735521 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735489 Yes
Pin, C. [s.n.] K003735476 Yes
Grenis, L. [s.n.] K003735491 Yes
Giles, J.J. [132] United Kingdom K000899989 Yes
Hall, P.M. [312] United Kingdom K003735405 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735402 Yes
Waley, F. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735545 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735524 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735449 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735494 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735465 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735442 Yes
[illegible] [N3113] K003735528 Yes
Atwood, M.M. [1099] United Kingdom K003735415 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735466 Yes
Haliday [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735471 Yes
Gruner, L. [s.n.] K003735463 Yes
s.coll. [655] K003735470 Yes
Collett, R. [s.n.] K003735451 Yes
Summerhayes, V.S. [s.n.] Norway K003735455 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K003735505 Yes
Webster, A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735417 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735410 Yes
Alejandre, J.A.; Escalante, M.J. [2442] Spain K001573921 Yes
Taylor, P.G. [0749] United Kingdom K003735397 Yes
Pearce, S.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735444 Yes
{Sartwell} [s.n.] K003735544 Yes
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K003735477 Yes
Last, G.V.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735406 Yes
s.coll. [1603] K003735508 Yes
Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735396 Yes
Carrier [s.d.] K003735448 Yes
Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735401 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735441 Yes
Edmonds, M.E. [5] United Kingdom K003735438 Yes
Devis, H.F. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735418 Yes
Wedgwood [s.n.] K003735413 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735427 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735429 Yes
s.coll. [16] United Kingdom K003735416 Yes
Nyhuus, O. [s.n.] Norway K003735480 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735507 Yes
{Druce} [1895] United Kingdom K003735411 Yes
Spare, G.H. [584] United Kingdom K003735420 Yes
s.coll. [3506] K003735478 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735541 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Austria K003735473 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Bulgaria K003735503 Yes
Wright, L.S. [s.n.] Belgium K003735485 Yes
[Munoch] [s.n.] K003735498 Yes
Blaxell, A.D.; Jeffers, R.H. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735404 Yes
Thurston, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735414 Yes
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K003735481 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735446 Yes
Malkov, F. [s.n.] Russia K003735457 Yes
Maximov, B. [3225] K003735527 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735419 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735520 Yes
Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735423 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Austria K003735483 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735412 Yes
Lewis, P. [28] United Kingdom K003735434 Yes
Gandul [s.n.] Austria K003735487 Yes
Schweiz [s.n.] K003735488 Yes
[J. P.] [7202] United Kingdom K003735403 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735432 Yes
Sinker, C.A. [12] United Kingdom K003735433 Yes
Rudd, C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735400 Yes
Komarov, V. [415] K003735518 Yes
[Eoruch] [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735437 Yes
Taylor, P.G.; J.A.D. [0749] United Kingdom K003735439 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735422 Yes
Campbell, W.W. [s.n.] K003735425 Yes
Asplund, E. [s.n.] K003735458 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003735525 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735426 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735409 Yes
Rohlena [s.n.] Montenegro K003735497 Yes
Stainton, J.D.A. [7583] Greece K003735447 Yes
Golde, D. [s.n.] K003735462 Yes
[Huterz] [s.n.] Austria K003735469 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735443 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735495 Yes
Babington, C.C.; Darwell, L. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735424 Yes
Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] K003735461 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735430 Yes
[Huterz] [s.n.] Austria K003735468 Yes
Baxter, E. [2304] Australia K003735542 Yes
Wickens, G.E. [38] Finland K003735501 Yes
Hume, A.O. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735440 Yes
[Butler] [s.n.] K003735504 Yes
Marsden [s.n.] Australia K003735543 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [s.n.] K003735459 Yes
Last, G.V.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K003735398 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735479 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003735492 Yes
Busch, N.A.; Klopotow, B. [s.n.] Convallaria transcaucasica K003735510 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Convallaria transcaucasica K003735511 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images