Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

[FTEA]

Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Morphology General Habit
A weak, much-branched shrub with sessile linear leaves in dense rosettes, 15–25(–49) cm long, 1–3.5 cm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, usually with only one order of branching; pedicels 0.5–1 cm long, articulated above the middle; perianth greenish white, 1.8–2 cm long
Note
From south-east Asia, reported in cultivation in Pemba in 1949 (U.O.P.Z.). I have not seen any herbarium material from our area.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 3, 2013 de Vogel, E.F. [5633], Sulawesi K000401877
Dec 3, 2013 Kartonegroro, A.R. [ARK 225], Sulawesi K000204331
Nov 12, 2012 David, B. et al. [CL950], Cambodia K000524422
Jan 1, 2012 Nguyen, V.D. et al. [HNK-1839], Vietnam K000524338
Jan 1, 2012 Nguyen, V.D. et al. [HNK-1839], Vietnam K000524381
Jul 1, 2005 Saw, L.G. [SAN 145966], Sabah K000203788
Jan 1, 2004 Middleton, J. [1192], Thailand K000401411
Nov 26, 1999 Takeuchi, W. [13555] K000401968
Jan 1, 1999 Mohtar, A. [S.49500] K000401494
Jan 1, 1999 Othman, H. [S.61986] K000401496
Jan 1, 1999 Othman, H. [S.61986] K000401495
Feb 1, 1997 Kanis, A. [1120], Papua New Guinea K000401979
Feb 1, 1997 Loher, A. [6978], Philippines K000401918
Feb 1, 1997 Brass, L.J. [24108], Papua New Guinea K000401973
Jan 20, 1996 Mohtar, A. [S.47252], Sarawak K000401493
Sep 1, 1991 Awa, D. [S.45812], Sarawak K000401492
Oct 1, 1990 Burley, J.S. [3533], Indonesia K000401597
Jan 1, 1986 Beaman, J.H. [9299], Sabah K000401546
Aug 18, 1981 Laijanai, S. [S.35956], Sarawak K000401490
Feb 1, 1979 Ko, S.P. [52114], Hainan K000401126
Aug 22, 1975 Chai, P. [S.35525], Sarawak K000401491
Feb 4, 1970 Byrnes, N. [1669], Australia K000401995
Nov 1, 1940 Neth. Ind. For. Service [bb.25391], Maluku K000401605
Jan 1, 1932 V. Leeuwen [9600], Papua New Guinea K000401942
Jan 1, 1927 Iboet [273] K000401604
Jan 1, 1910 Branderhorst [126], Papua New Guinea K000401938
Forman, L. [291], Indonesia 15201.000
Jeffrey, C. [705], Seychelles 22915.000
Wilkin, P [810], Thailand 60781.000
Ramos, M. [1414], Sabah K000292047 Unknown type material
Walker, J.S. [DB003], Indonesia 73091.000
Armstrong [609], Northern Territory K000400073 Unknown type material
McClure, F.A. [C.C.C.8030], Hainan K000401127
Tsang [697], Hainan K000401129
Forrest, G. [11906], China K000401132
Haines, H.H. [591], India K000401143
Griffith [Herb. EIC5871], India K000401145
Griffith [Herb. EIC5871], India K000401146
Jenkins [s.n.] K000401147
Bhargawa, N. [BSI (A&NC.)6341], Andaman Is. K000401156
Parkinson, C.E. [1605], Myanmar K000401157
Ng [FRI1593], Malaysia K000401378
Chantaranothai, P [918], Thailand K000401403
Wilkin, P. [810], Thailand K000401405
Geoffray, M. [s.n.], Cambodia K000401408
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401476
Ambriansyah [AA171], Kalimantan K000401479
Ambri [AA473], Kalimantan K000401481
Clemens, J. [Herb.20836], Sarawak K000401487
Clemens, J. [Herb.20836], Sarawak K000401488
Fidilis [SAN110851], Sabah K000401547
Fidilis [SAN96327], Sabah K000401548
Keith [3980], Sabah K000401549
Ag. Amin [SAN126609], Sabah K000401562
Ag. Amin [SAN126638], Sabah K000401563
Ramlanto [Ram.196], Sulawesi K000401592
Walker, J.S. [DB003], Indonesia K000401600
van Balgooy, M. [6816], Indonesia K000401607
Eyma, P.J. [2464] K000401614
Nielsen, I. [989], Brunei K000401501
Dransfield, J. [JD7226], Brunei K000401507
Ismail, S. [BRUN16275], Brunei K000401508
Ismail, S. [BRUN16854], Brunei K000401509
H.G.K. [3980], Sabah K000401519
Chai, M. [SAN.29376], Sabah K000401525
Cockburn, P.F. [SAN66039], Sabah K000401530
Bongsu Ahmad [SAN78515], Sabah K000401532
Kodoh [SAN81327], Sabah K000401534
Ag. Amin [SAN126638], Sabah K000401564
Madani, L. [SAN133980], Sabah K000401565
Wong, K.M. [WKM2494A], Sabah K000401570
Koorders, [S.]H. [17717B], Indonesia K000401578
Elbert, J. [3478], Indonesia K000401580
Forman, L.L. [291], Sulawesi K000401582
Jermy, A.C. [7222], Sulawesi K000401585
Vidal [1930], Philippines K000401882
Lam, H.J. [1010], Papua New Guinea K000401937
Vink, W. [BW15316], Papua New Guinea K000401948
Johns, R.J. [7844], Papua New Guinea K000401951
Johns, R.J. [8135], Papua New Guinea K000401952
Hollrung, M. [403], Papua New Guinea K000401955
Adduru, M. [162], Philippines K000401896
Adduru, M. [270], Philippines K000401897
Conklin, H. [181], Philippines K000401900
Fuentes, R. [PPI37407], Philippines K000401904
Vidal, S. [3948], Philippines K000401912
Gammill, J.A. [Forestry Bureau No.290], Philippines K000401913
Lipaqeto, Z. [BSIP3514], Solomon Is. K000402010
Coode, M. [NGF46057], Papua New Guinea K000401963
Sands, M.J.S. [1179], Papua New Guinea K000401964
Wiakabu, J. [LAE73802], Papua New Guinea K000401966
Millar, A.N. [NGF35358], Papua New Guinea K000401978
Ivalaoa, P. [UPNG7717] K000401982
Damel, C.F.E. [s.n.], Queensland K000401988
Daemel [s.n.], Australia K000401992
Brass, L.J. [19299], Queensland K000401994
Stoddart, D.R. [4437], Queensland K000401996
Batianoff, G.N. [10335], Queensland K000402004
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [28] K000402009
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [484-B], Solomon Is. K000402017
Mauriasi, R. [BSIPnr. Illegible], Solomon Is. K000402029
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP6777], Solomon Is. K000402031
Kajewsi, S.F. [557], Vanuatu K000402034
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP1453], Solomon Is. K000402035
Florence, J. [7776], French Polynesia K000402043
Bernardi, L. [11774], Comoros K000523279
Gardiner, J.S. [49], Seychelles K000523289
Robertson, S.A. [2594], Seychelles K000523291
Robertson, S.A. [2670], Seychelles K000523292
Barthelat, F. [484], Mayotte K000523293
Jeffrey, C. [705], Seychelles K000523408
Simmonds [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K000523680
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5141], Myanmar K001104913
Meijer, W. [[SAN]50049], Sabah K000401529
Prawiroatmodjo, S. [1416], Indonesia K000401586
Haines, H.H. [591], India K000401142
Robertson, R. [162], Australia K000402001
Dewol Sundaling [SAN55997], Sabah K000401545
Hose, C. [542], Sarawak K000401485
Clarke, C.B. [15989], India K000401153
Hunt, P.F. [2150], Solomon Is. K000402019
Mueller, F.J.H. von [s.n.], New South Wales K000401991
De Silva, F. [5143], Bangladesh K000401149 Unknown type material
Meijer, W. [SAN122311], Sabah K000401561
Pleyte, D.R. [1076], Papua New Guinea K000401944
Kanehira, R. [2449], Caroline Is. K000402045
Perkern, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000523284
Dius Tadong [428], Sabah K000401569
Christensen, H. [78], Sarawak K000401497
Collins, D.J. [1490], Thailand K000401401
Kambira Loloh [SAN109664], Sabah K000401552
Beccari, O. [712], Sarawak K000401484
Cowie, I. [3100] K000402006
Kerr, A.F.G. [15642], Thailand K000401400
Dewol Sundaling [SAN93569], Sabah K000401537
Van Valkenburg [JVV1281], Kalimantan K000401482
Purwaningsih [74], Maluku K000401477
Sands, M.J.S. [MS5508], Brunei K000401504
D.V. [5431], Seychelles K000523286
Gardiner, J.S. [49], Seychelles K000523290
Fosberg, F.R. [59701], Guam K000402044
Kinsun Bakia [175], Sabah K000401572
van Balgooy [3077], Sulawesi K000401587
Fryar, D. [N.G.F.4032], Papua New Guinea K000401957
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP2216], Solomon Is. K000402012
Clarkson, J.R. [3988], Queensland K000401999
Story, R. [8375], Australia K000401998
Tsang, W.T. [157], Hainan K000401128
s.coll. [5741] K000401148
Argent, G. [91107], Brunei K000401500
Cunningham, A. [42], Victoria K000401989
Corner, E.J.H. [2887], Solomon Is. K000402023
Elbert, J. [3063], Indonesia K000401579
Loher, A. [s.n.], Philippines K000401880
Put [870], Thailand K000402078
de Vogel, E.F. [5191], Sulawesi K000401589
Amin [SAN116019], Sabah K000401558
Feliks Talangamin [32], Indonesia K000401601
Clemens, J. [6917], Sarawak K000401486
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401474
RA. Awang Amin [SAN103106], Sabah K000401554
Lorence Lugas [2293], Sabah K000401575
Craegh, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000401514
Baron, R. [5849], Madagascar K000523280
Forman, L.L. [291], Sulawesi K000401583
Dewol Sundaling [SAN83916], Sabah K000401536
Geesink, R. [7387], Thailand K000401402
Sands, M.J.S. [MS5474], Brunei K000401502
Marsal, R.A. [SAN86207], Sabah K000401538
Amin, G. [SAN95309], Sabah K000401540
Madulid [PPI23931], Philippines K000401917
Keith [3980], Sabah K000401550
Henry, A. [1304], China K000401130
Jeffrey, C. [705], Seychelles K000523409
Gibbs, L.S. [6250], Papua New Guinea K000401939
de Vogel, E.F. [6303], Sulawesi K000401591
Wood, D.D. [Herbarium Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I.No.1131], Sabah K000401517
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP7795], Solomon Is. K000402013
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000401151
Forman, L.L. [291], Sulawesi K000401581
Reynoso [PPI11738], Philippines K000401903
Ambri [AA473], Kalimantan K000401480
Clemens, J. [Herb.21894], Sarawak K000401489
Forster, P.I. [PIF4578], Queensland K000402003
Ridsdale, C.E. [Coode5374], Philippines K000401908
Ramos, M. [Bureau of Science No.76872], Philippines K000401899
Buwalda, P. [5064], Maluku K000401616
Reynoso [PPI11369], Philippines K000401911
Mauriasi, R. [BSIP8422], Solomon Is. K000402027
Kerr, A.F.G. [21717], Malaysia K000401377
Chew, W.L. [225], Sabah K000401523
Sani Rambi [UPNG No. SRM13], Papua New Guinea K000401981
Mauriasi, R. [BSIP17707], Solomon Is. K000402028
Brand, D. [SAN.24587], Sabah K000401521
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [681-B], Solomon Is. K000402011
Clarkson, J.R. [9673], Queensland K000402005
Fidilis Krispinus [SAN113931], Sabah K000401556
Aban [SAN94103], Sabah K000401539
Riedel [s.n.], Sulawesi K000401577
Humblot, M. [39], Madagascar K000523281
van Royen, P. [6804], Papua New Guinea K000401947
Kotali, C. [BSIP11163], Solomon Is. K000402026
Nangkat, N. [NN296], Brunei K000401506
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000401152
Kerenga, K. [LAE73876], Papua New Guinea K000401965
Aban Gibot [SAN99551], Sabah K000401541
Stone, B.C. [15894], Philippines K000401901
Elmer, A.D.E. [7110], Philippines K000401914
Fa'arodo, H. [BSIP12137], Solomon Is. K000402030
Amin [SAN115974], Sabah K000401559
Meyer, R. [Forestry Bureau No.3017], Philippines K000401887
Schlechter, R. [13829], Philippines K000401936
[Vidal?] [1927], Philippines K000401881
Merrill, E.D. [Bureau of Agriculture No.2512], Philippines K000401884
Gafui, I. [BSIP18698], Solomon Is. K000402036
unknown [1649], Singapore K000401374
Henry, B.C. [30], Hainan K000401125
Jibrin Sibil [26], Sabah K000401566
Amin [SAN99325], Sabah K000401543
Elbert, J. [4105] K000401603
Jermy, A.C. [7222], Sulawesi K000401584
Merrill [SPECIES BLANCOANAE NO.902], Philippines K000401894
De Vogel [6484], Sulawesi K000401594
Kerr, A.F.G. [12009], Thailand K000401410
van Royen, P. [5820], Papua New Guinea K000401949
Stancik, D. [4878], Papua New Guinea K000401969
Sands, M.J.S. [MS5484], Brunei K000401503
Reynoso [PPI21586], Philippines K000401916
Kingdon-Ward, F. [7784], India K000401159
De Vogel [6484], Sulawesi K000401595
Moseley [s.n.] K000401613
Put [870], Thailand K000402079
Chantaranothai, P [1531], Thailand K000401404
Buwalda, P. [4430], Maluku K000401610
Barbon [PPI2484], Philippines K000401902
Castillo, M. [Herbarium Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I.No.608], Malaysia K000401515
Danao, F. [Forestry Bureau No.21575], Philippines K000401909
van Royen, P. [4055], Papua New Guinea K000401945
Milliken, W. [959], Sulawesi K000401599
Dewol Sundaling [SAN80770], Sabah K000401557
Borden, T.E. [Forestry Bureau No.3041], Philippines K000401886
Podzorski, A.C. [SMHI811], Philippines K000401910
Sulit, M.D. [Phil. Nat. Herb.17731], Philippines K000401906
Merrill [SPECIES BLANCOANAE NO.668], Philippines K000401893
Kerenga, K. [LAE56784], Papua New Guinea K000401967
Schodde, R. [2812], Papua New Guinea K000401976
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [87], Solomon Is. K000402024
Baron, R. [2389], Madagascar K000523282
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP6848], Solomon Is. K000402014
Streimann, H. [NGF34142], Papua New Guinea K000401980
Buwalda, P. [5064], Maluku K000401617
unknown [427] K000401375
MacGillivray, J. [s.n.], Queensland K000401987
Kostermans [439], Papua New Guinea K000401950
Henderson [169], Solomon Is. K000402018
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [14238], Madagascar K000523285
Thomasset, H. P. [178], Seychelles K000523288
Bloembergen, S. [3704], Indonesia K000401606
Abbe, L.B. [9962], Sabah K000401520
Meijer, W. [SAN25367], Sabah K000401526
Runikera, P. [BSIP12735], Solomon Is. K000402016
Buwalda, P. [5064], Maluku K000401615
Good [SAN99337], Sabah K000401544
Amin [SAN121088], Sabah K000401560
Waterhouse, J.H.L. [101-B], Solomon Is. K000402015
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401473
Gray, B. [4477], Australia K000203786
Johns, R.J. [8310], Papua New Guinea K000401953
N. Burn-Murdoch's collectors [BSIP6928], Solomon Is. K000402025
Hartley, T.G. [T.G.H.9802], Papua New Guinea K000401958
Aban Gibot [SAN99551], Sabah K000401542
Francis Augustine [SAN109623], Sabah K000401553
Middleton, D.J. [786], Brunei K000401510
RA. Awang Amin [SAN103106], Sabah K000401555
Creagh, C.V. [s.n.], Sabah K000401513 Unknown type material
Teruya, Z. [127], Malaysia K000401376
Loher, A. [6980], Philippines K000401889
Shea, G. [SAN76771], Sabah K000401531
Jibrin Sibil [272], Sabah K000401568
Curran, H.M. [Forestry Bureau No.3813], Philippines K000401888
Baron, R. [5806], Madagascar K000523283
Bar, N.L. [6484] K000401154
Poulsen, A.D. [ADP37], Brunei K000401505
Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000401990
Elmer, A.D.E. [11193], Philippines K000401915
Streimann, H. [NGF21087], Papua New Guinea K000401959
Chew, W.L. [2964], Sabah K000401524
Sani Sambuling [10], Sabah K000401571
Corner, E.J.H. [248], Solomon Is. K000402032
Millar, A.N. [NGF22675], Papua New Guinea K000401961
Lomuding Tandong [196], Sabah K000401573
Story, R. [8375], Australia K000401997
Lam, H.J. [1010], Papua New Guinea K000401940
Wood, D.D. [Herbarium Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I.No.745], Malaysia K000401516
Cenabre, A.L. [Forestry Bureau No.28509], Philippines K000401898
Kartonegroro, A.R. [ARK 278], Sulawesi K000204332
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP1520], Solomon Is. K000402022
Wilson, E.H. [11022], China K000401131
de Vogel, E.F. [5896], Sulawesi K000401590
van Balgooy [3637], Sulawesi K000401588
Ambriansyah [AA171], Kalimantan K000401478
Barrett, J.H. [4204], Papua New Guinea K000401972
Clemens, J. [29669], Sabah K000401518
Kurz, S. [s.n.], Andaman Is. K000401155
Deden Girmansyah [Deden 1027], Sulawesi K000204333
Buwalda, P. [5021], Maluku K000401608
Darbyshire, P.J. [1207], Papua New Guinea K000401977
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5141] K001104911
Wong, K.M. [WKM1416], Brunei K000401511
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5141], Myanmar K001104917
Gamble, J.S. [7681], India K000401144
Elmer, A.D.E. [16509], Philippines K000401895
Vidal, S. [3947], Philippines K000401883
Brass, L.J. [28738], Papua New Guinea K000401975
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000401150
Lorence Lugas [599], Sabah K000401574
Loher, A. [6977], Philippines K000401891
Escritor, L. [Bureau of Science No.21274], Philippines K000401905
Anderson, J.A.R. [S.19101], Sarawak K000401498
Ampuria, J. [[SAN]41347], Sabah K000401528
Daim Andau [906], Sabah K000401576
Hoogland, R.D. [4170], Papua New Guinea K000401974
Eyma [375], Sulawesi K000401602
van Royen, P. [6416], Papua New Guinea K000401946
Sands, M.J.S. [6570], Papua New Guinea K000401954
G.H. [612], Seychelles K000523287
Aban [SAN79381], Sabah K000401533
Parkinson, C.E. [1605], Myanmar K000401158
Elmer, A.D.E. [7884], Philippines K000401892
Whitmore, T.C. [BSIP4312], Solomon Is. K000402020
Hoogland, R.D. [10093], Papua New Guinea K000401960
Bon [s.n.], Vietnam K000401409
Groff, G.W. [Herbarium5673], Indo-China K000401407
Sigin [SAN109349], Sabah K000401551
Aet [981], Papua New Guinea K000401943
Schultz [857] K000401993
Burbidge, F.W. [s.n.] K000523679
Armstrong [609], Northern Territory K000401986 Unknown type material
Sam, P.P. [SAN.26383], Sabah K000401522
Loher, A. [6888], Philippines K000401890
Fryar, D. [N.G.F.4032], Papua New Guinea K000401956
Riedel [s.n.] K000401609
Streimann, H. [NFG44183], Papua New Guinea K000401962
Middleton, J. [1927], Thailand K000401406
Dius Tadong [358], Sabah K000401567
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5141] K001104912
Carr, C.E. [12813], Papua New Guinea K000401970
Carr, C.E. [12813], Papua New Guinea K000401971
W. Beer's collectors [BSIP7231], Solomon Is. K000402033
Witmore, T.C. [TCW3489], Sulawesi K000401593
Kessler, P.J.A. [PK3155], Sulawesi K000401612
Clarkson, J.R. [3989], Queensland K000402000
Hunt, P.F. [2912], Solomon Is. K000402021
Sinanggul, H. [[SAN]38375], Sabah K000401527
Dransfield, J. [DJ6862], Brunei K000401499
Williams, R.S. [257], Philippines K000401885
Powell, D.A. [553], Christmas I. K000401475
Burley, J.S. [3981], Sulawesi K000401598
Sulit, M.D. [Phil. Nat. Herb.17731], Philippines K000401907
Coode, M.J.E. [6015], Sulawesi K000401596
Tarmiji [SAN83894], Sabah K000401535
Lam, H.J. [1010], Papua New Guinea K000401941
Wightman, G. [1921], Australia K000402002
Kessler, P.J.A. [PK3155], Sulawesi K000401611
Lorence Lugas [LL943], Sabah Dracaena australasica K000401630
Riedel [s.n.] Dracaena australasica K000401629
Bick, E.W. [s.n.], Australia Dracaena angustifolia var. honoriae K000292040 Unknown type material

First published in Hort. Bengal.: 24 (1814)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(2): 603-1176. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  • Zhengyi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2000). Flora of China 24: 1-431. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  • Zhengyi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2000). Flora of China 24: 1-431. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 236 (1949).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0