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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Smilacaceae, E.J. Cowley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Climbing, glabrous shrub.
Morphology Stem
Stems to 5 m., slender, woody, terete to ribbed or angular, flexuose, basally often armed with small prickles, 1-3 mm.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; petiole 0.5-2.5 cm. long, with pair of long, firm, spirally curled tendrils at base; blade circular to oblong, 4-17 cm. long, 1.5-12 cm. broad, acute or obtuse, cuspidate, rounded, obscurely cordate or occasionally cuneate at the base, subcoriaceous, 5-7-nerved including marginal nerves, reticulately nerved between.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of dense, solitary, shortly peduncled, many-flowered axillary umbels; peduncles 0.8-2 cm. long, with a pair of persistent, ovate, amplexicaul obtuse bracteoles; pedicels longer than the flowers, 0.4-1.2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments linear to oblong, obtuse, 3-5 mm., greenish white, brownish or yellowish, the inner narrower than the outer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens equal to or shorter than perianth, 3 sterile; anthers oblong, much shorter than the filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary obovoid to ellipsoid, 2 mm. long; stigmas papillose, 1/3 the length of the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry purple or black, 8-10 mm. wide, 1-2-seeded; pedicel 0.4-2.2 cm. long, articulated at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds greyish purple.
Habitat
Forest edges, clearings and secondary associations of bushland and thicket, commonly along rivers, lakesides or marshes; near sea-level to 2400 m.
Distribution
from Senegal east to Sudan and EthiopiaZaire and southern Africa to Transvaal, Natal, Swaziland and Cape Provinces of South Africa K3 K4 K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1

[FWTA]

Smilacaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A climbing or scrambling shurb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits red
Ecology
Often in secondary forest.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Smilax anceps Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [9827], Cameroon K000678192
May 1, 2010 Onana, J.-M. [628], Cameroon K000678191
Jun 1, 2009 Nana felicite [142], Cameroon K000581553
Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4714], Cameroon K000746172
Sep 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2456], Cameroon K000025650
Sep 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1899], Cameroon K000025652
Sep 1, 2001 Balding, S. [65], Cameroon K000025651
Sep 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2587], Cameroon K000025649
Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [373], Cameroon K000011656
Jan 1, 1973 Bojer [s.n.], Mauritius K000432428 isotype
Jan 1, 1973 unknown [195], Mauritius K000432429 isosyntype
Jan 1, 1973 Bouton [s.n.], Mauritius K000432427 Unknown type material
Cruse, A.W. [216], Zambia 15663.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3314], Zambia 38403.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3261], Zambia 38436.000
Onochie, C.F. [40418], Nigeria 6694.000
Patel, H. [7421], Mozambique K000614038
Feb 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3563], Cameroon Smilax kraussiana K000678187
Feb 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [708], Cameroon Smilax kraussiana K000678188

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 782 (1806)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Cowley, E.J. (1989). Smilacaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-4.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Cowley, E.J. (1989). Smilacaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-4.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. & C. DC. in Monogr. Phan. 1: 169 (1878).
  • Coode in Fl. Mascareignes 183: 2 (1978).
  • Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 782 (1806).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0