Smilax siphilitica Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 780 (1806)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Lesser Antilles to S. Tropical America. It is a Climbing shrub and grows primarly in the Wet Tropical biome(s). It is used as a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Leeward Is., Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Andreata, R.H.P. (1995). Revisão das espécies Brasileiras do gênero Smilax Linnaeus (Smilacaceae: 1-396. Tese (Doutorado) Universidade de São Paulo.
  • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil). Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2005). Rutaceae-Zygophyllaceae. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 9: 1-608. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Ferrufino-Acosta, L. (2010). Taxonomic revision of the genus Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Central America and the Caribbean islands. Willdenowia 40: 227-280.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Andreata, R.H.P. (1995). Revisão das espécies Brasileiras do gênero Smilax Linnaeus (Smilacaceae: 1-396. Tese (Doutorado) Universidade de São Paulo.
  • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil). Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Braco, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru: 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Ferrufino-Acosta, L. (2010). Taxonomic revision of the genus Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Central America and the Caribbean islands. Willdenowia 40: 227-280.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 1, 2010 Harley, R.M. [22080], Brazil 48463.000 No
Apr 1, 2010 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [2663], Acre K000828322 Yes
Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1099], Mato Grosso K000579667 Yes
Jun 1, 1998 Ribeiro, J.E.L.S. [1395], Amazonas K000828316 Yes
Jun 1, 1998 Vicentini, A. [1158], Amazonas K000828319 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Burchell [962A], Brazil K000400503 paralectotype Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Gardner [1425], Brazil K000400984 Unknown type material Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Harley, R.M. [17390], Bahia K000828320 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Maas, P.J.M. [7056], Bahia K000828317 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Prance, G.T. [5331], Rondônia K000828312 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K000400504 lectotype Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Pipoly, J. [6645], Amazonas K000828323 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Archer, W.A. [7600], Pará K000828309 Yes
Jul 1, 1993 Harley, R.M. [17390], Bahia K000828321 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [3779], Brazil K000400502 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Spruce [160], Amazonas K000828314 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Burchell, W.J. [9850], Brazil K000828313 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Moricand [1483], Bahia K000828315 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [175], Brazil K000400500 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000828310 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [3789], Brazil K000400501 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Harley, R.M. [22080], Bahia K000828318 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Froes, R. [1800], Maranhão K000828311 Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0