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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb from a short rhizome, 5–35 mm long, 5–10 mm in diameter, with spreading fleshy roots 1–2 mm in diameter.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, 10–74 cm long, 1–4 mm wide, channelled, covered with scattered pilose hairs, expanded at the base and sheathing up to 3.5 cm long, the outer leaves reduced to membranous sheaths, sometimes surrounded by fibrous old leaf-bases up to 3.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncle 6–87 cm long, 1.5–3 mm in diameter, arcuate at the base then ascending and usually overtopping the leaves, with a few pilose hairs especially towards the base; raceme 3–49 cm long, 1–1.5 cm wide; bracts cuspidate, 2–13 mm long, membranous with a darker midrib; pedicels 3–15 mm long, usually longer than the bracts at anthesis, up to 23 mm long in fruit, erect, recurved or contorted up to 360°.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, with a brown to purple midrib on each tepal, opening in the afternoon; tepals spreading, 5–10 mm long, 1–2.5 mm wide; stamens 3–5 mm long; ovary 1–2 mm long, with ± 8 ovules per locule; style 3–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid to globose, 2–5 mm long, 2–5 mm in diameter, ± smooth and glabrous or with a few scattered very short scabrid hairs; seeds 3-angled, ± 2 mm wide, smooth.
Figures
Fig. 4 (p. 17).
Habitat
Grassland, often burned or degraded, and frequently found on seasonally water-logged black cotton soils with scattered Acacia drepanolobium, occasionally open woodland, bushland or rocky places; 850–2200(–2600) m
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Southwards to the Cape.
Morphology Roots
Roots many, thin but fairly stout
Morphology Leaves
Leaves filiform to linear, 5–50 x 0.1–2.5 cm, flat or inrolled, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple raceme, 6–40 cm long, the peduncle curved near the base and protruding outside the leaf-rosette; bracts narrow; pedicels mostly 8–15 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals white, c. 10 mm long, with brownish midnerve
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, c. 5 mm in diam., constricted at the base, several-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds angled, smooth.

[FZ]

Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Perennial grass-like herb, 15–70 cm tall from a small vertical rhizome.
Morphology Roots
Roots many, fibrous to fairly stout, with a fusiform swelling at the ends.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 60 cm long, 1.5–6 mm wide, filiform to linear, flat or three-angular in section with margins inrolled, tapering to the apex, widening below into a tubular membranous basal sheath, glabrous or pubescent with long straight hairs, sometimes intermixed with shorter hairs; nerves of the sheath sometimes persisting as fibres.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–6, sometimes appearing before the leaves, unbranched, erect, up to 50 cm long (including the peduncle), many-flowered, usually with one or more young racemes present near the base of the plant; peduncle (scape) mostly terete, glabrous or pubescent, mostly curving abruptly outwards near the base, then curving upwards outside the leaf rosette; racemes up to 45 cm long; bracts small, cuspidate; pedicels 7–21 mm long, ascending, sometimes recurved in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 7–10 mm long, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule without tubercles, 2–5 mm long, 2–5 mm in diameter, subglobose to 3-lobed, pale green to brownish, maculate with yellow flecks.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 3 per locule, ± flattened and sharply 3-angular, white-spotted becoming greyish-black when mature.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Trachyandra saltii (Baker) Oberm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 11, 1998 Kassner [618], Kenya K000256312 isotype
Milne-Redhead, E. [7736], Tanzania 23770.000
Ash, Ethiopia 36397.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3367], Zambia Trachyandra reflexipilosa 38393.000
Kuntze, O. [s.n.], South Africa Trachyandra reflexipilosa K000256327 holotype
Gillett, J.B. [12885], Kenya Anthericum lanzae 2350.000
Rayner, R.W. [281], Kenya Anthericum kassneri 16704.000
Rayner, R.W. [285], Kenya Anthericum kassneri 16705.000
Rayner, R.W. [527], Kenya Anthericum kassneri 2349.000
Polhill, R. [371], Kenya Anthericum kassneri 3681.000

First published in Bothalia 7: 722 (1962)

Accepted by

  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Whitehouse, C. (2002). Asphodelaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-18.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Whitehouse, C. (2002). Asphodelaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-18.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 313, t. 143 (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 425, t. 149 (1987).
  • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 679, fig. on 680 (1974).
  • Kativu in Kirkia 16: 36 (1996).
  • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 4: 59, fig. 19/1 (1988).
  • Moriarty, Wild Fl. Malawi: 24, t. 12/4 (1975).
  • Oberm. in Bothalia 7: 722, fig. 5 (1962).
  • Sebsebe & Nordal in Fl. Ethiopia 6: 114, fig. 191.8 (1997).
  • Thulin in Fl. Somalia 4: 33, fig. 22 (1995).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0